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Related to axial skeleton: appendicular skeleton
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0) Adults 190 Male 157 Children 64 Examination (radiogaphs), N 369 Appendicular skeleton 253 Axial skeleton 116 Radiographer Experienced 206 Inexperienced 163 Fractures reported, N 86 Skull and face 5 Shoulder 2 Clavicle 3 Upper limb 21 Elbow 4 Hand and wrist 14 Pelvis 2 Hip 3 Lower limb 16 Knee 2 Ankle and foot 10 Spine 2 Chest 2 IQR = interquartile range.
Ankylosis of several of the joints causes structural abnormalities of the axial skeleton.
Bony metastases tend to affect the axial skeleton preferentially, and presentation with femoral fracture, such as in this case, is rare.
Designed for quick access, material is arranged in chapters on functional anatomy, diagnosis, assessment, imaging, and common conditions of the foot, forelimb, hindlimb, and axial skeleton.
Occurs predominantly in weight-bearing sites such as the humerus, femur, radius, tibia and ulna with approximately 25% of tumours arising in the axial skeleton including the flat bones of the skull, ribs, vertebrae, sternum, and pelvis (4).
4) Psoriatic arthritis is a seronegative spondyloarthropathy which is a group of inflammatory arthritides characterized by enthesitis, arthritis of the peripheral joints and/or the axial skeleton, while being negative for rheumatoid factor.
Carcinoma cervix metastasis cases maximally involve axial skeleton.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS), also known as Bechterew's disease, is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily affects the axial skeleton and is characterized by ossification of the spinal joints and ligaments.
The postmortem examination showed marked subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue depletion, as well as moderate skeletal muscle loss, especially in the axial skeleton.
Osteosarcoma can occur in the axial skeleton, which includes the bones of an animal's skull, spine, pelvis and ribs, but it is more frequently observed in the appendicular skeleton, which includes the bones of the limbs.