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Related to axillary artery: axillary vein, brachial artery, subclavian artery
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Patient was discharged with dual antiplatelets, antihypertensive drugs [Amlodipine 10 mg once daily, hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg once daily, metoprolol 50 mg twice daily and alpha methyldopa 500 mg twice daily] along with 40 mg of prednisolone and pantoprazole with the plan of axillary artery stenting as a staged procedure.
and Singla R.K.: Bifurcation of axillary artery in its 3rd part-A case report.
The axillary artery continues into the axilla and passes along this sulcus.
The medial root (C8 T1) come from the medial cord and the lateral root (C5-C7) come from the lateral cord of the brachial plexus and embrace the 3rd part of the axillary artery and unite anterior or lateral to it.
These data permit the precise introduction of the needle into the fascicles without causing puncture of the axillary artery and chest wall, which is important to accomplish brachial plexus block below the level of the clavicle (Gusmao et al.).
* Whereas in this present case, on the left side, the third part of axillary artery gives rise to a common trunk, this divides into subscapular artery and cirumflex humeral artery [FIGURE 4A].
In the present study, the subclavian artery was the continuation of the brachiocephalic trunk laterally to the thoracic wall and it gave rise to the pectoral trunk and the sternoclavicular (coracoid) artery before becoming the axillary artery as reported in the coturnix quail (Fitzgerald).
Axillary artery usually raises the superior thoracic and thoracoacromial artery in the first and second parts, respectively.
Accurate knowledge of the normal and variant arterial anatomy of the axillary artery is important for clinical procedures in this region (3).
After the outer border of the first rib, the subclavian artery continues its trajectory as axillary artery (AA).
Shiny et al (4) in their study reported a superficial brachioradial artery that took origin from axillary artery. In our study the artery did not take origin from the axillary artery.