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Both acute and chronic rupture cases share the characteristic feature of losing anterior axillary fold. Early surgery treatment is preferable; nevertheless, good outcomes are achievable in a delayed setting.
(6) On inspection, deformity of the chest wall and axillary fold may be noted; however, these findings may not become obvious until swelling and ecchymosis resolve over a period of 3 to 6 weeks.
A high frequency linear probe is placed on the transverse axis, over the axillary fold. The neurovascular bundle is localized 1-2 cm underneath the skin.
The AAL is defined as the perpendicular line on the lateral chest wall from the anterior point of the axillary fold. [sup][7] The doctor should stand on the patient's lateral side to draw the line while considering the vertical direction of the thoracic wall [Figure 2].{Figure 2}