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It's only in the past dozen or so years, however, that scientists have come to a better understanding of how cranberry products work to combat bacterial adhesion, reduce oxidant stress, and fight inflammation.
This suggests that increasing levels of silver in Ag-TiCN thin films may promote bacterial adhesion via a hydrophobic effect.
Although the application of cranberry extract at the dose used in this study does not completely eliminate virulence factors responsible for bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation, it seems that Zuravit S.
M[R] PerioShield[TM] Oral Health Rinse, which inhibits bacterial adhesion to tooth surfaces, serves as an adjunct to normal mechanical oral hygiene, and provides dental professionals and patients a tool to prevent plaque buildup and gingivitis.
It is thought that procanthocyanidins, a constituent of cranberries, might be the mechanism of disabling bacterial adhesion to the uroepithelial cells.
Smith will direct Semprus' team of microbiology researchers as they investigate antifouling surface-modified technologies on biofilm and bacterial adhesion.
Other topics of the 14 papers include protein-resistant surfaces based on polymer coatings, electrochemical technologies for cooling circuits, force measurements of bacterial adhesion to metals, and the defense mechanisms of aquatic mammals.
UTIs are caused by bacterial adhesion (bacteria growth) on cells in the bladder.
Recent interest in the cranberry's proanthocyanidins has led to improved analytical techniques to elucidate their structures, including the A-type trimers that seem to be involved in the prevention of urinary tract infections by preventing bacterial adhesion to the uroepithelial cells.
Yuehuei, H, Friedman, RJ, "Concise Review of Mechanisms of Bacterial Adhesion to Biomaterial Surfaces.