circuits proposed to have important role in motor activation and cognitive processes  especially their role in reward based learning and decision making pointed in various works [17,21-23].
The basal ganglia
are spared; the corpus callosum and internal capsule are usually normal.
Tables 2 and 3), and the Cho/Cre ratio in the dominant basal ganglia
was correlated with increased percentage of apoptotic total leukocytes, neutrophils, and lymphocytes (r, P = 0.
3D-ASL findings in the syndrome of acute bilateral basal ganglia
lesions have never been reported to date.
Phenotypic spectrum of probable and genetically-confirmed idiopathic basal ganglia
The dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway has been linked to the symptoms of PD (Bergman & Deuschl, 2002) because this pathway connects the substantia nigra (the source of dopaminergic neurons) with other parts of the basal ganglia
and brain, facilitating coordinated movement.
Maki et al described four patients with basal ganglia
lesions following minor head trauma.
By recording the neural activity in the basal ganglia
during this task we found neurons that seem to treat a whole sequence of actions as a single behavior," Costa explained.
Key Words: Calcif ication, Basal Ganglia
, Chronic hypoparathyroidism, Pseudohypoparathyroidsm.
Prevalence and progression of basal ganglia
calcification and its pathogenic mechanism in patients with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism.
of Queensland, Australia) define the characteristics of movement disorders, review the functional neuroanatomy of the basal ganglia
and cerebellum, and describe current strategies for assessing and treating motor speech and language impairments associated with dysarthria.
Background: Familial Idiopathic Basal Ganglia
Calcification (IBGC) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder which is usually transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait.