The choroid plexus followed by the basal ganglia
were the most frequent sites of PFBC.
In the first half of the 20th century, the correlation between motor symptoms and the pathology of the basal ganglia
was made, (2) and the motor pathway through the basal ganglia
was designated as the "extrapyramidal system".
(8) Depletion of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a primary inhibitive neurotransmitter within the basal ganglia
in conjunction with non-ketotic hyperglycemia is felt to potentially account for the choreiform and ballistic kinetic movements, though the typical unilateral involvement is yet to be explained.
In addition, the ROI-based correlation analysis of the regional glucose metabolism enabled to investigate the characteristic patterns of functional correlation between the basal ganglia
and different cortical areas in the resting state.
Caption: Figure 6: Contrast-enhanced CT of head 30 days after the initial ischemia showed a ring-enhancing cystic lesion in the right basal ganglia
with perilesional oedema, which compressed right lateral ventricle with midline shift towards left suggestive of abscess.
Hemichorea-hemiballism and lacunar infarction in the basal ganglia
Modeling basal ganglia
network has been considered in computational neuroscience literature extensively [9,11-16] due to its role in voluntarily action selection, reward related learning and in neurological deficits and diseases as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and in behavioral deficits as addiction.
Although sulfuryl fluoride has been observed to cause basal ganglia
injury in animals (4), this is the first report of basal ganglia
injury in humans resulting from systemic sulfuryl fluoride poisoning.
Neurological symptoms can occur in absence of hepatic symptoms and signs and typical sites of involvement are basal ganglia
and central white matter2.
The pattern was seen in the basal ganglia
, a complex network of brain regions linked to compulsive behaviours, including drug addiction.
The presumptive diagnosis of idiopathic basal ganglia
calcification was made based on the extensive and strikingly characteristic bilateral calcifications seen on the CT.
MRS is widely used to monitor brain areas including the basal ganglia
, substantia nigra, temporoparietal cortex, prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulated cortex, pontine basis, and occipital lobe [13-15] and as a diagnostic tool for differentiating PD from other neurodegenerative diseases .