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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oniscu, a transplant surgeon in the UK, and coeditors Forsythe and Fung compile 12 chapters that explain abdominal organ retrieval and transplantation bench surgery to surgeons and donor retrieval teams.
Bench surgery was performed on the amputated part by one team while the patient was being prepared for induction.
Such kidneys from volunteer donors were harvested and no ex vivo bench surgery was performed to unite these multiple renal arteries.