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A forum of justice comprised of the judge or judges of a court. The seat of the court occupied by the judges.

The bench is used to refer to a group of judges as a collective whole. It is a tribunal or place where justice is administered. To appear before the full bench means to appear before the entire group of judges of the court.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) general term for all judges, as in "the bench," or for the particular judge or panel of judges, as in an order coming from the "bench." 2) the large, usually long and wide desk raised above the level of the rest of the courtroom, at which the judge or panel of judges sit. (See: judge, court, witness stand, sidebar, approach the bench)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a judge or magistrate sitting in court in a judicial capacity, or judges or magistrates collectively.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

BENCH. Latin Bancus, used for tribunal. In England there are two courts to which this word is applied. Bancus Regius, King's Bench Bancus Communis, Com-mon Bench or Pleas. The jus banci, says Spelman, properly belongs to the king's judges, who administer justice in the last resort. The judges of the inferior courts, as of the barons, are deemed to, judge plano pede, and are such as are called in the civil law pedanei judices, or by the Greeks Xauaidixastai, that is, humi judicantes. The Greeks called the seats of their higher judges Bumata, and of their inferior judges Bathra. The Romans used the word sellae and tribunalia, to designate the seats of their higher judges, and subsellia, to designate those of the lower. See Spelman's Gloss. (ad verb.) Bancus; also, 1 Reeves Hist. Eng. Law, 40, 4to ed., and postea Curia Regis.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
She said: "We asked the villagers at about that time if they would like to make a donation for the benches.
The benches would hear many improtant case including acquittal appeals against death sentenceand life imprisonment, service matters of government employees, case against extra Judicial killings of innocent persons in the premises of Lal Masjid and Jamia Hafsa, Application for Change of AOR and ASC filed by Ahmed Nawaz Choudhry, AOR on behalf of Jail Petitioner namely Muhammad Sadiq, Makhdoom Syed Faisal Saleh Hayat v.
Some benches have their own stories written on tables nearby, said citizen activist Ivan Jan#269ek, who is behind the implementation of the project.The benches are located at the riverbanks between the Zoborskyacute and Chrenovskyacute Bridges.
Extending the same principle, the bench said Chief Justice of India is the "Master of Rolls" in the top court and any order passed by any bench assigning any matter to itself or directing the composition of benches won't be binding.
On Thursday (February 4) the formation of benches would be changed as
Establishment of Permanent Benches of the Karnataka High Court at Dharwad and Gulbarga would facilitate better access for justice to litigants of the Districts, covered under the jurisdiction of the Dharwad and Gulbarga Benches.
IT and ITES firms in India collectively had about 4 to 5 lakh people on benches when recession hit the industry.
The benches will be placed near homes for school and university students who wait for their buses as well as near graveyards to be used during burials and visits.
The project will include new drainage and water supply, a spray fountain, new benches, trash receptacles and lighting.
Like all the best benches, Bill's shows itself unexpectedly - most often to bicyclists or runners who have slogged up a steep stretch of Fox Hollow Road south of Eugene.
In Berlin-based artist Manfred Pernice's recent show, art disentangled itself from, and then remerged with, modular furniture: Dinged plywood benches each formed of three open cubes and positioned against a gallery wall led into more elaborate "banks" in the center of the space, some built of concrete with inset tiles, others of partially painted particleboard, scored or cut as though halfway to assembly.
Available in backed and backless versions, these versatile benches allow armrest quantity and placement to be specified.