bigamy

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bigamy

n. the condition of having two wives or two husbands at the same time. A marriage in which one of the parties is already legally married is bigamous, void, and ground for annulment. The one who knowingly enters into a bigamous marriage is guilty of the crime of bigamy, but it is seldom prosecuted unless it is part of a fraudulent scheme to get another's property or some other felony. Occasionally people commit bigamy accidentally, usually in the belief that a prior marriage had been dissolved. The most famous case in the United States was that of Andrew Jackson and his wife Rachel Robards. Ms. Robards' husband had applied for a divorce, but it had not been granted (it required legislative approval) at the time of her second marriage. She completed the divorce and then the Jacksons remarried. Jackson was embarrassed for life over his carelessness (he was a lawyer and a judge), which had hurt his wife's reputation. Having several wives at the same time is called "polygamy" and being married to several husbands is "polyandry."

bigamy

the crime of entering what would be - if it were not for a valid and subsisting marriage - a second marriage. A reasonable belief in the death of a spouse even without a court order may exculpate, for then the MENS REA would be lacking.

BIGAMY, crim. law, domestic relations. The willful contracting of a second marriage when the contracting party knows that the first is still subsisting; or it is the state of a man who has two wives, or of a woman who has two husbands living at the same time. When the man has more than two wives, or the woman more than two husbands living at the same time, then the party is said to have committed polygamy, but the name of bigamy is more frequently given to this offence in legal proceedings. 1 Russ. on Cr. 187.
     2. In England this crime is punishable by the stat. 1 Jac. 1, c. 11, which makes the offence felony but it exempts from punishment the party whose husband or wife shall continue to remain absent for seven years before the second marriage, without being heard from, and persons who shall have been legally divorced. The statutory provisions in the U. S. against bigamy or polygamy, are in general similar to, and copied from the statute of 1 Jac. 1, c. 11, excepting as to the punishment. The several exceptions to this statute are also nearly the same in the American statutes, but the punishment of the offence is different in many of the states. 2 Kent, Com. 69; vide Bac. Ab. h. t.; Com. Dig. Justices, Sec. 5; Merlin, Repert. mot Bigamie; Code, lib. 9, tit. 9, 1. 18; and lib. 5, tit. 5, 1. 2.
     3. According to the canonists, bigamy is three-fold, viz.: (vera, interpretative, et similitudinaria,) real, interpretative and similitudinary. The first consisted in marrying two wives successively, (virgins they may be,) or in once marrying a widow; the second consisted, not in a repeated marriage, but in marrying (v. g. meretricem vel ab alio corruptam) a harlot; the third arose from two marriages indeed, but the one metaphorical or spiritual, the other carnal. This last was confined to persons initiated in sacred orders, or under the vow Of continence. Deferriere's Tract, Juris Canon. tit. xxi. See also Bac. Abr. h. t.; 6 Decret, 1. 12. Also Marriage.

References in periodicals archive ?
bigamist Dean Mills (left) aka Jake Johnson is led out of Prestatyn Magistrates Court
It turned out that not only was grandad George, who cut himself out of all photos, a scoundrel but also a bigamist.
The risk a bigamist runs of having his two families suddenly becoming acquainted with one another's existence could be tragic, you'd imagine, certainly stressful.
n A keen schoolboy actor, his first role was as a cold- hearted bigamist in US TV soap Love of Life.
government has accused him--on the basis of dubious evidence provided by Russian investigators--of being an embezzler, a bigamist and a draft dodger.
You can't be a bigamist and these people want to be bigamists."
Bigamist, card sharp, prison escapee and faker of his own death are just some of the epithets attached to Nat Clifford, who was more favourably remembered as an acrobat, music-hall entertainer, writer and silent-movie actor until his death in 1948.
Meanwhile, Sister Monica Joan faces up to her cataracts and a factory owner discovers her husband is a bigamist.
No1 FRO THE MAIL ONLINE Go to the city's No.1 website: www.birminghammail.co.uk No1 FOR SPORT Action from last night's matches LIVEBLOG Up-to-the-minute traffic and travel BANK HOLIDAY Your guide to city club nights TOP 5 MOST-READ STORIES ONLINE www.birminghammail.co.uk 1 Electric nightclub shut down after double shooting on dance floor 2 Bigamist abandoned dying wife in care home - and married new Russian bride on wedding anniversary 3 Kapow!
A bigamist is seen as perpetrating fraud against the state, causing a disruption in record keeping and, in some cases, upsetting the practice of inheritance and estate laws.