bilateral

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bilateral

adjective bi-facial, dual, two-sided
Associated concepts: bilateral contract, bilateral option, bilattral record
See also: mutual, reciprocal
References in periodicals archive ?
The 1930s experience, and reflection on the descent of the world economy into bilateralism under policies of competitive tariff escalations and currency depreciations, provided the backdrop against which the architects of the postwar trading system were thinking of the design of the new postwar trade architecture.
Last but not least, the volume almost entirely focuses on different possible static gains and losses from bilateralism. Although there are not many papers available on dynamic gains, but some papers on the effect of trade on R&D for example, which may have some bearing on the PTA or CU issue, or, some initiating discussion by the authors would have been desirable.
Prewar bilateralism thus remained the governing framework for aviation.
The Yarbroughs explore bilateralism as a response to limited third party enforcement, and examine the techniques for making bilateralism stable and self-reinforcing.
By repeatedly refusing to accept third-party or multilateral mediation on the wrongly projected claim that Shimla had definitively excluded such mediation, India built up the misleading but widely prevalent perception that Pakistan too had agreed to the exclusivity of bilateralism. It is curious and disappointing that Pakistan has done little to inform the world and its own people about the full text of the relevant clause.
Through their chequered history of seven decades, the two countries have worked through varying levels of diplomatic channels to keep the dialogue going, but there comes a time in bilateralism when history calls upon the leaders of the countries to step up and seek a breakthrough -- not just for the sake of their countries, but also for the larger good of the region.
Evidence for this, he pointed out, was plentifully available in modern diplomacy, contact groups and the comeback of bilateralism.
"No one has the right to manipulate the rights of our people, no matter the challenges," Rahi maintained, calling for "building internal unity and avoiding bilateralism and exclusion because Lebanon is multi-sectarian."
A recent ASPI Trade Forum Issue Paper titled 'Shifting Trade Winds: US Bilateralism and Asia Pacific Economic Integration' authored by Cutler and other Trade Forum members noted that the 'Asia-Pacific region continues to be a bright spot on the global economic scene,' pointing out that in 2017, nine of the 15 fastest-growing economies were in Asia.
Most importantly, while bilateralism was never a part of the Saarc objectives and disputes between any two member countries were never to be brought to the table, India's behaviour is very much out of place and the fact that four other nations are following the decision is even worse.
Law and economics scholars from Europe and North America discuss the rise of preferential trade and investment agreements; their relationship to traditional investment agreements and whether they co-exist or conflict; the agreements from the perspective of international economic governance and whether they call for a new and unified approach; the broader debate about bilateralism and multilateralism in international economic law and how the rise of these agreements affects the balance; and perspectives on existing regional agreements and the role of regional actors, including discussion of Asia.
WTO members have not waited for the outcome of MC9 to resort to bilateralism. With the multilateral talks at a standstill for the past decade, many have launched negotiations for ambitious and comprehensive bilateral or regional trade deals, some of which are on the verge of conclusion.

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