Community

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COMMUNITY. This word has several meanings; when used in common parlance it signifies the body of the people.
     2. In the civil law, by community is understood corporations, or bodies politic. Dig. 3, 4.
     3. In the French law, which has been adopted in this respect in Louisiana, Civ. Code, art. 2371, community is a species of partnership, which a man and woman contract when they are lawfully married to each other. It consists of the profits of all, the effects of which the husband has the administration and enjoyment, either of right or in fact; of the produce of the reciprocal industry and labor of both husband and wife, and of the estates which they may acquire during the marriage, either by donations made jointly to them, or by purchase, or in any other similar way, even although the purchase he made in the name of one of the two, and not of both; because in that case the period of time when the purchase is made is alone attended to, and not the person who made the purchase. 10 L. R. 146; Id. 172, 181; 1 N. S. 325; 4 N. S. 212. The debts contracted during the marriage enter into the community, and must be acquitted out of the common fund; but not the debts contracted before the marriage.
     4. The community is either, first, conventional, or that which is formed by an express agreement in the contract of marriage itself; by this contract the legal community may be modified, as to the proportions which each shall take, or as to the things which shall compose it; Civ. Code of L. art. 2393; second, legal, which takes place when the parties make no agreement on this subject in the contract of marriage; when it is regulated by the law of the domicil they had at the time of marriage.
     5. The effects which compose the community of gains, are divided into two equal portions between the heirs, at the dissolution of the marriage. Civ. Code of L. art. 2375. See Poth. h.t.; Toull. h.t.; Civ. Code of Lo. tit. 6, c. 2, s. 4.
     6. In another sense, community is the right which all men have, according to the laws of nature, to use all things. Wolff, Inst. Sec. 186.

References in periodicals archive ?
in the name of the integrity, beauty, and stability of the biotic community would be...
These orderings, then, will not entail invariably sacrificing humans and non-human animals for a greater biotic community. In fact, Callicott thinks a concern for land-holism rightly occupies the periphery of our moral concerns, although, at times, it exerts greater influence on humans, when humans possess appropriate ecological information.
Although the plant species found within this biome are variable and interspersed, they were grouped by the authors into the River Floodplain biotic community.
We have an ethical duty to allow other citizens of the biotic community to pursue their own lives, to enjoy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness--or the pursuit of snowshoe hares, if we are speaking of lynx.
The system is acutely dynamic, and future structural modifications of the inlet may lead to additional and unexpected habitat and biotic community impacts in the region.
This biotic community is interspersed with saline fiats, marshes, shallow bays, and unique dunes of wind-blown clay known as lomas.
Fueled by Clements's ecology, the environmental vision has subsequently embraced a very narrow interpretation of Aldo Leopold's famous ethical dictum: "A thing is right when it preserves the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community [and] wrong when it tends otherwise." By defining right and wrong in Clementsian terms, it has been easy for radical environmentalists such as Paul Watson, cofounder of Greenpeace, to conclude that "our species is the AIDS of the Earth."
In the biotic community, a similar situation exists.
In a letter to the EP, about 50 leading US environmental, consumer and social justice campaigners said that the EP's ruling "makes the entire biotic community, including human beings, into nothing more than resources over which pharmaceutical and agricultural corporations may vie for ultimate control.
For a theoretical approach to environmental ethics, we might first turn to Leopold's The Land Ethic, where he writes, "A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise."
In the abstract, it is fine to suppose that once a land ethic permeated the country, it would be "eminently practicable, since, by reference to a single good, competing individual claims may be adjudicated and relative values and priorities assigned to the myriad components of the biotic community." Such Utopian notions, when applied, have generally been the stuff not of utopias but of religious dictatorships.