Cell

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Related to bipolar cell: Amacrine cell

CELL. A small room in a prison. See Dungeon.

References in periodicals archive ?
To further examine any changes associated with the contact and activity of bipolar cells, we looked at the paired PKC[alpha]/Bassoon profile which accounts for ON-rod bipolar cells and the photoreceptor synaptic ribbon, respectively.
(2013) Independent control of reciprocal and lateral inhibition at the axon terminal of retinal bipolar cells. J.
Awatramani et al., "Light-activated channels targeted to ON bipolar cells restore visual function in retinal degeneration," Nature Neuroscience, vol.
* The bipolar cells differentiate the responses of cones and horizontal cells which form the center and the surround of their receptive fields [20] [21] [22].
Lebel et al., "The Iroquois homeobox gene, Irx5, is required for retinal cone bipolar cell development," Developmental Biology, vol.
The scientists observed significant changes in the component of the ERG that measures the response of the bipolar cells, supporting their earlier findings.
Activation of GABAc receptors increases presynaptic [Cl.sup.-] influx, hyperpolarizing bipolar cell and thereby inhibiting [Ca.sup.2+] entry via L-type [Ca.sup.2+]-channels [11,21, 38].
The cones contact both depolarizing bipolar cells (DBCs) and hyperpolarizing bipolar cells (HBCs) through sign-inverting (−) synapses (ON synapse) and sign-preserving (+) synapses (OFF synapse), respectively.
Long arrows indicate double-labeled bipolar cells with long prolongations situated parallel to smooth muscle fibers.
(D) Retinal explant labeling of PKC[alpha] to mark rod bipolar cells under each experimental condition.
Previous studies showed that besides photoreceptors, Muller cells as well as depolarizing bipolar cells are also closely associated with changes in ERG b-waves [13-17].