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BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

References in periodicals archive ?
In relation to the rates of mortality for birth cohort and the age range, we checked the progressive reduction of mortality in the women born after the 1940s decade in Brazil and the south and south east regions.
Early-life exposure to indoor air pollution or tobacco smoke and lower respiratory tract illness and wheezing in African infants: A longitudinal birth cohort study.
Table 1 displays sample sizes and descriptive statistics of selected variables by birth cohort and gender.
Interestingly, the study found a particularly high rate of chronic infection among the incarcerated 1945-1965 birth cohort in Wisconsin, and more than half evaluated with transient elastography had at least stage-F2 fibrosis.
Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, prevalence, birth cohort, economic status
Pregnancy and birth cohort resources in Europe: A large opportunity for aetiological child health research.
If younger birth cohorts grow up under substantially higher levels of economic and physical security than their elders, this will produce a trend toward new values; and declining levels of existential security will have the opposite effect.
The highest proportion of LT waitlist registrations for HCV-related ESLD was for persons in the birth cohort and increased incrementally from 61.2% in 1995 to 90.5% in 2012.
Gallup's historical data allow for a look at how views on marijuana legalization have changed over time among independent samples of those in the same birth cohorts. For example, Americans who are aged 65 through 79 today -- born between 1936 and 1950 -- are more supportive of making marijuana legal in 2015 than those born in the same years were 15, 30 and 46 years ago.
The researchers initially thought that the famine would increase the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease in the birth cohort. Instead there was increased susceptibility to diabetes and schizophrenia.
Those studied were part of the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 - a group born in 1936 who took part in the Scottish Mental Survey of 1947.
Maternal vegetarianism and neurodevelopment of children enrolled in The Danish National Birth Cohort. Acta Paediatr.