mother

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mother

see PARENTAGE.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MOTHER, domestic relations. A woman who has borne a child.
     2. It is generally the duty of a mother to support her child, when she is left a widow, until he becomes of age, or is able to maintain himself; 8 Watts, R. 366; and even after he becomes of age, if he be chargeable to the public, she may, perhaps, in all the states, be compelled, when she has sufficient means, to support him. But when the child has property sufficient for his support, she is not, even during his minority, obliged to maintain him. 1 Bro. C. C. 387; 2 Mass. R. 415; 4 Miss. R. 97.
     3. When the father dies without leaving a testamentary guardian, at common law, the mother is entitled to be the guardian of the person and estate of the infant, until he arrives at fourteen years, when he is able to choose a guardian. Litt. sect. 123; 3 Co. 38; Co. Litt. 84 b; 2 Atk. 14; Com Dig. B, D, E; 7 Ves. 348. See 10 Mass. 135, 140; 15 Mass. 272; 4 Binn. 487; 4 Stew. & Part. 123; 2 Mass. 415; Harper, R. 9; 1 Root, R. 487.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the orphans' court will, in such case, appoint a guardian until the infant shall attain his fourteenth year. During the joint lives of the parents, (q.v.) the father (q.v.) is alone responsible for the support of the children; and has the only control over them, except when in special cases the mother is allowed to have possession of them. 1 P. A. Browne's Rep. 143; 5 Binn. R. 520; 2 Serg. & Rawle 174. Vide 4 Binn. R. 492, 494.
     5. The mother of a bastard child, as natural guardian, has a right to the custody and control of such child, and is bound to maintain it. 2 Mass. 109; 12 Mass. 387, 433; 2 John. 375; 15 John. 208; 6 S. & R. 255; 1 Ashmead, 55.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The emergence of the birth mother figure erases not only the experience of single mothers in Korea, but elides the birth father's roles and responsibilities.
Specifically, with regard to surrogacy, although it is a deep-seated human desire to have a genetic child, the absence of whom can be deeply disappointing and painful, surrogacy contracts inherently exploit the birth mother and the child.
He is desperate to trace his birth mother but has few leads, including a document saying he was abandoned on the doorstep of the Sayidet al-Maunat hospital in Jbeil, north of Beirut.
But as the Long Lost Family's team began researching his case, another applicant came forward, also looking for her birth mother. They had many similarities.
If I do find her one day, I ask myself, is it worth risking my birth mother's rejection to tell her that I'm a lesbian?
With the support of her adoptive parents (Elizabeth Perkins and Donald Sumpter), Mei sets off for Guangzhou where she sets eyes on her birth mother for the first time.
Anne, 58, of Carron, Falkirk, was rejected by her birth mother.
Later, Yuddy learns of his birth mother's whereabouts and heads to the Philippines.
My birth mother was 13 years old at the time she became pregnant with me.
In the programme viewers see the 41-year-old father of two meet his birth mother and learn why she gave him up for adoption.
Now she's on the run, heading to a remote mountain town to reunite with her birth mother. Kyla hopes the pieces of her life will come together and she can finally take charge of her own future.