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BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The multivariable-adjusted quantile regression analysis confirmed that maternal urinary Cd was associated with birth size in girls but not in boys (Figure 1).
However, in our present study we report statistically significant associations between birth size measures and two PCB congeners.
For the analysis of associations between maternal PFOS and PFOA levels and birth size, the following subjects were excluded: women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (n = 11), women with diabetes mellitus (n = 1), mother-infant pairs with fetal heart failure (n = 1), and twins (n = 7).
There was no evidence of a link between birth size and breast cancer among post-menopausal women.
Maternal exposure to low-level heavy metals during pregnancy and birth size. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 45:1468-1474, doi: 10.1080/10934529.2010.500942.
We constructed gestational age-adjusted standard deviation scores (SD-scores) for birth size parameters using the GAMLSS package (version 4.3-7) in R (version 3.3.2; R Development Core Team).
New born infants exposed prenatally to cocaine are easily identified at birth and during the neonatal period by their: premature birth size and weight; excessive withdrawn behavior; congenital abnormalities; decreased state organization; abnormal electroencephalograms (EEG's), and increased risk of SIDS.
Like generalists, project specialists had a larger birth size than did non-project specialists, and project specialists showed even greater dispersion in initial size than did generalists (Model 1).
Subsequent epidemiological studies have shown a relationship between infant birth size and stroke, blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, renal failure and metabolic syndrome (2).
It means that children who born with short birth intervals and have more than 5 living siblings are more likely to be born premature or small birth size. Mothers who started giving bottle feeding with nipples to their children have significantly better nourished children compared to mothers who did not bottle-fed their children.
Hindmarsh stated, "What we're talking about are reductions of about 10-15% (of IGF levels), producing rather similar reductions in overall birth size, birth length, and head growth." There are long-term consequences to low birth rate-increased risk of adult hypertension, diabetes, and infertility.
Did you know that some lobsters can grow to more than 500,000 times their birth size? Now there is a proper talking point.