# Weight

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Related to birth weight: very low birth weight, Low Birth Weight

WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:

```                 1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common
dealings of life.
27 1/3 1/2 grains  =    1 dram
16 drams           =    1 ounce
16 ounces          =    1 pound, (lb.)
28 pounds          =    1 quarter, (qr.)
4 quarters         =    1 hundred weight, (cwt.)
20 hundred weight  =    1 ton.

2d. Used for meat and fish.
8 pounds           =    1 stone

3d. Used in the wool trade.
Cwt. qr.  lb.
7 pounds           =    1 clove 14 pounds           =    1 stone  =   0
0   14
2 stones           =    1 tod    =   0    1    0
6 1/2 tods         =    1 wey    =   1    2   14
2 weys             =    1 sack   =   3    1    0 12 sacks            =    1
last   =  39    0    0

4th. Used for butter and cheese.
8 pounds           =    1 clove
56 pounds          =    1 firkin.

2. TROY WEIGHT.
24 grams           =    1 pennyweight
20 pennyweights    =    1 ounce
12 ounces          =    1 pound.
```

4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
NEARLY half a million Filipino babies are born with low birth weights (LBW) each year, increasing the risk of stunting and even death for these newborns, according to a report released by the United Nations.
Contrary to current study, findings birth year was a non-significant source of variation for birth weight, however weaning weight was affected significantly in the study by Manzi et al.
In contrast data from the UK and Sweden showed no differences between birth weight SDS in CAH girls and boys in relation to the national references and no correlation to the severity of the gene mutation (5).
Mothers with uterine fundal height (in cm) of <34 gave birth to male babies with a mean birth weight (in kg) of 3.05 [+ or -] 0.26 or female babies with a mean birth weight (in kg) of 2.49 [+ or -] 0.31; mothers with uterine fundal height (in cm) of >34 gave birth to male babies with a mean birth weight of 2.91 [+ or -] 0.30 or female babies with a mean birth weight of 2.89 [+ or -] 0.51.
Ultrasound was found to be an accurate tool of determining estimated fetal birth weight. Its use during antenatal period determines fetal wellbeing and provide help in planning regarding accurate timing of induced deliveries.
In literature there is inconsistency in relationship between parity and low birth weight. Boo et al21 have concluded nulliparity as risk factor for low birth weight but Yadav et al have suggested multiparity as a risk factor for LBW22.
The air is relatively clean in Rhode Island, yet Kingsley's group reported that increased PM2.5 exposure was still associated with a 12-16 grams lower birth weight (n=61,640).
The delivery register gives information about maternal age, parity, child birth weight and sex of child.
Child survival is correlated with age to birth weight which depends upon weight gain in pregnancy; the average weight gain in pregnancy is 12 kg.
Low birth weight refers to infants weighing less than 5.5 pounds when born.
It has been reported that birth weight and yearling body weight are major tools in the selection for future breeding plans and policies.

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