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BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
To that end, I suggested that rapidly declining birthrates in Iran could be taken as evidence that the Iranian people as a whole were choosing not to reproduce themselves, which in turn might suggest that, as a people, they preferred not to live.
In the following years, 1996-2001, when the economic situation seems to stabilize, birth-rate stabilizes, too, and during 2001-2006, parallel with the economic expansion, we witness a slight growth of birthrate. All this period, mortality reached relatively constant levels, just like the number of the dead births (12).
A report compiled by a government advisory panel on social security issues states, ''The declining birthrate is the biggest challenge confronting Japan.''
But other anomalies such as Canada and Germany, whose birthrate lags behind similarly rich nations, have yet to be explained.
The latest figures continue to show the country is experiencing a declining birthrate and an aging population.
And the rising birthrate means many are unable to spend as much time with mothers.
The growth in birthrate is reported in Kyrgyzstan in the first half of 2008.
And critics say the Department of Health has been "caught by surprise" by the rising birthrate, with some maternity wards forced to close their doors to expectant mothers.
Research using a Birthrate Plus analysis tool has revealed a shortfall inmaternity staff at the James Cook University Hospital in Middlesbrough.
If high-school and college girls in the days of Father Knows Best were as promiscuous as those of recent years, why did the annual birthrate per 1,000 unmarried girls aged 15-19 triple between 1960 and 1994, even as abortion went from being illegal almost everywhere to being available everywhere?
Bishop Ingham cautioned against using assumptions before gathering data and noted that other research tracks Anglican church membership decline with a falling birthrate among its traditional constituency--white Anglo-Americans and Anglo-Canadians.