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In Common-Law Pleading or Code Pleading, the initial statements made by a plaintiff that set forth a Cause of Action to commence a civil lawsuit; the different points of a plaintiff's declaration, each of which constitute a basis for relief. In Criminal Procedure, one of several parts or charges of an indictment, each accusing the defendant of a different offense.

The term count has been replaced by the word complaint in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and many state codes of civil procedure. Sometimes count is used to denote the numbered paragraphs of a complaint, each of which sets out an essential element of the claim.

Federal and state rules of criminal procedure govern the standards that a criminal count must satisfy in federal and state criminal matters.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. each separate statement in a complaint which states a cause of action which, standing alone, would give rise to a lawsuit), or each separate charge in a criminal action. For example, the complaint in a civil (non-criminal) lawsuit might state: First Count (or cause of action) for negligence, and then state the detailed allegations; Second Count for breach of contract, Third Count for debt, and so forth. In a criminal case each count would be a statement of a different alleged crime. There are also so-called common counts which cover various types of debt. (See: common counts)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a paragraph in an indictment containing a distinct and separate charge.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

COUNT, pleading. This word, derived from the French conte, a narrative, is in our old law books used synonymously with declaration but practice has introduced the following distinction: when the plaintiff's complaint embraces only a single cause of action, and he makes only one statement of it, that statement is called, indifferently, a declaration or count; though the former is the more usual term.
    2. But when the suit embraces two or more causes of action, (each of which of course requires a different statement;) or when the plaintiff makes two or more different statements of one and the same cause of action, each several statement is called a count, and all of them, collectively, constitute the declaration.
    3. In all cases, however, in which there are two or more counts, whether there is actually but one cause of action or several, each count purports, upon the face of it, to disclose a distinct right of action, unconnected with that stated in any of the other counts.
    4. One object proposed, in inserting two or more counts in one declaration, when there is in fact but one cause of action, is, in some cases, to guard against the danger of an insufficient statement of the cause, where a doubt exists as to the legal sufficiency of one or another of two different modes of declaring; but the more usual end proposed in inserting more than one count in such case, is to accommodate the statement to the cause, as far as may be, to the possible state of the proof to be exhibited on trial; or to guard, if possible, against the hazard of the proofs varying materially from the statement of the cause of action; so that if one or more or several counts be not adapted to the evidence, some other of them may be so. Gould on Pl. c. 4, s. 2, 3, 4; Steph. Pl. 279; Doct. Pl. 1 78; 8 Com. Dig. 291; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. In real actions, the declaration is most usually called a count. Steph. Pl. 36, See Common count; Money count.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The reduction in mean blood count was higher for mixed-clone infections compared to single-clone infections ([F.sub.1,35] = 6.60, P [less than] 0.05, [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 3 OMITTED]), with mixed-clone infections suffering a further 5% reduction on average.
All measurements were performed 30 minutes after blood collection by using the Beckman Coulter Automated Blood Count Analyzer.
Results of blood count comparison obtained by simultaneous analysis of 156 patient samples on CD 17000S and MEK-8118K (Nihon Kohden, Tokyo, Japan) hematologic analyzers showed a satisfactory correlation for all the parameters tested, ranging from 0.967 for platelets to 0.994 for WBC, except for MCHC (r = 0.389 in closed and r = 0.344 in open mode).
Irish Oaks winner Great Heavens is to head to Ascot for the British Champions Fillies and Mares Stakes after being ruled out of tomorrow's Prix Vermeille by a poor blood count.
A spokesman said: "Beta-ecdysterone can damage your liver and your heart, increases your blood count and can cause blood clots in your legs and in your lungs which could be fatal.
A blood sample was collected from the patient on December 7; anticoagulation was accomplished with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) for repeated biochemistry analysis and complete blood count. The plasma from the EDTA blood sample was separated 2 days later and stored at -20[degrees]C for 12 days.
Luca Cumani's five-year-old will play no part in the 12-furlong contest after he was discovered to have a bad blood count.
ORLANDO -- The various measures of a complete blood count together helped in the development of a risk score that was very effective for predicting a patient's subsequent risk of death or myocardial infarction.
"The relative lymphocyte count is part of the standard complete blood count, and involves no incremental cost," added Dr.
The complete blood count indicated leukocytosis and neutrophilia.