atrophy

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Related to bone atrophy: Muscle atrophy
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Unfortunately, the large mismatch between the mechanical properties of the metallic implants and the bone frequently result in complications, such as implant loosening, bone atrophy from stress shielding, and bone disease near implant extremities.
The raw materials used can cause neurological problems as Alzheimer disease due to metal ions released in the body and the stress shielding effect can lead to bone atrophy. Also the structural and mechanical properties of biomaterials used in implants are not optimal, chemical inhomogeneity and large distribution of porous dimensions are common factors in production process.
Such lessons could reveal ways to render people confined to bed rest immune to blood clots, bed sores and muscle and bone atrophy. Therapies designed to mimic ground squirrel hibernation strategies could save soldiers and accident victims from bleeding to death.