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Increasing age and high waist to hip ratio can also lead to reduced bone mineral density in postmenopausal females.
The elderly women neither gained nor lost bone mineral density in the sample investigated.
After 48 weeks of treatment, average hip bone mineral density rose 0.
Both the skeletal mass and fat mass positively affect BMD, and both the component is the main determinant of bone mineral density.
8 Decline in bone mineral density is manifested by structural deterioration and low bone mass which ultimately leads to bone fragility and fractures, specially in elderly postmenopausal women where spine and hip fracture results in high morbidity and mortality.
Reduced bone mineral density leads to osteoporosis, resulting in bones becoming increasingly brittle and at risk for fracture.
In girls who lost more than 5% of bone mineral density (BMD) during treatment, however, complete recovery was less likely.
In that trial, arzoxifene proved superior to Lilly's older osteoporosis drug Evista in increasing bone mineral density in the lumbar spine, total hip and femoral neck regions.
However few studies have examined the association between carotenoid intake (other than [beta]-carotene) and bone mineral density (BMD).
David O' Leary, commercial manager at Marigot, commented: "Loss of bone mineral density is a serious issue for many professional and amateur athletes.
Women who drink tea may be slower to lose bone mineral density as they age than women who do not.
Daily antidepressant use was also linked to increased odds of falling, lower bone mineral density at the hip and a trend toward lower bone mineral density at the spine.