Also found in: Dictionary, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
A contract, in maritime law, by which money is borrowed for a specified term by the owner of a ship for its use, equipment, or repair for which the ship is pledged as collateral. If the ship is lost in the specified voyage or during the limited time, the lender will lose his or her money according to the provisions of the contract. A contract by which a ship or its freight is pledged as security for a loan, which is to be repaid only in the event that the ship survives a specific risk, voyage, or period.
A bottomry bond is the instrument that embodies the contract or agreement of bottomry.
n. a mortgage contract in which a ship and/or its freight is pledged as security for a loan for equipment, repair, or use of a vessel. The contract is generally called a "bottomry bond." If the loan is not paid back, the lender can sell the ship and/or its freight.
bottomrya contract in the maritime law, recognized by many nations, concluded in a foreign port for repayment of advances made to supply necessaries, secured on the keel, or bottom, of the ship. The contract is recorded in a bond of bottomry. See HYPOTHEC, RESPONDENTIA.
BOTTOMRY, maritime law. A contract, in nature of a mortgage of a ship, on
which the owner borrows money to enable him to fit out the ship, or to
purchase a cargo, for a voyage proposed: and he pledges the keel or bottom
of the ship, pars pro toto, as a security for the repayment; and it is
stipulated that if the ship should be lost in the course of the voyage, by
any of the perils enumerated in the contract, the lender also shall lose his
money but if the ship should arrive in safety, then he shall receive back
his principal, and also the interest agreed upon, which is generally called
marine interest, however this may exceed the legal rate of interest. Not
only the ship and tackle, if they arrive safe, but also the person of the
borrower, is liable for the money lent and the marine interest. See 2 Bl.
Com. 458; Marsh. Ins. B. 21 c. 1; Ord. Louis XIV. B. 3, tit. 5; Laws of
Wishuy, art. 45 Code de Com. B. 2, tit. 9.
2. The contract of bottomry should specify the principal lent, and the rate of marine interest agreed upon; the subject on which the loan is effected the names of the vessel and of the master those of the lender and borrower whether the loan be for an entire voyage; for what voyage and for what space of time; and the period of re-payment. Code de Com. art. 311 Marsh. Ins. B. 2.
3. Bottomry differs materially from a simple loan. In a loan, the money is at the risk of the borrower, and must be paid at all events. But in bottomry, the money is at the risk of the lender during the voyage. Upon a loan, only legal interest can be received; but upon bottomry, any interest may be legally reserved which the parties agree upon. See, generally, Metc. & Perk. Dig. h. t.; Marsh. Inst. B. 2; Bac. Abr. Merchant, K; Com. Dig. Merchant. E 4; 3 Mass. 443; 8 Mass. 340; 4 Binn. 244; 4 Cranch, 328; 3 John. R. 352 2 Johns. Cas. 250; 1 Binn. 405; 8 Cranch, 41 8; 1 Wheat. 96; 2 Dall. 194. See also this Dict. tit. Respondentia; Vin. Abr. Bottomry Bonds 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1246-57.