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Related to branchial cleft: Branchial cleft cyst
See: rift, split
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A: Photograph shows the bilateral second branchial cleft fistulae, with the external openings over the bilateral neck (arrows).
In this report, we described the diagnosis and successful management of 2 cases of second branchial cysts in adult Amazon parrots, one likely originating from a remnant of the second branchial cleft and the other from a remnant of the second branchial pouch.
The purpose of this overview is to summarize the current concept of carcinomas arising in branchial cleft cysts (so-called, branchiogenic carcinoma), indicating that most, if not all, represent cystic metastases from oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma primaries.
Third/fourth branchial cleft anomalies are rare and may present as an infectious swelling low in the floor of the neck laterally or in the anterior neck adjacent to the thyroid gland.
Second branchial cleft cyst: variability of sonographic appearances.
A barium swallow esophagogram revealed a fistulous tract from the piriform sinus to a right fourth branchial cleft cyst (figure 1, B).
43) For this reason, first branchial cleft cysts, which represent the second-most common branchial cleft anomaly, can arise anywhere from the external auditory canal through the parotid gland to the submandibular triangle.
A branchial cleft cyst forms on either of the lateral aspects of the neck.
DISCUSSION: Branchial cleft cysts are the most common cystic swellings of the neck.
Branchial cleft anomalies account for approximately 30% of all pediatric neck pathologies.
5) Differential diagnosis for unilateral lesions containing cysts includes sialolithiasis, first branchial cleft cyst, HIV-associated BLEL, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and benign mixed tumor.
Thyroglossal duct cyst, branchial cleft cyst, cystic hygroma, submandibular sialadenitis, intramuscular hemangioma, cystic or neoplastic thyroid disease, infectious cervical lymphadenopathy, hematoma, lipoma, laryngocele and dermoid cyst can be taken as differential diagnosis.