The scandal involves the bribing
of coaches at a half-dozen prestigious universities--Yale, Georgetown, Stanford, UCLA--but more than half of the cases involved USC.
Osipian (2009, 110) remarks that the Ukrainian education industry "might be no different from many other countries, and likely less than most former Soviet republics..." Across the four categories investigated, we find perceptions about the prevalence of corruption, attitudes toward the criminality of bribing
, past bribing
behavior, and gender to be significant explanatory variables for educational corruption.
First, Dreze's concerns about moral and legal costs of bribing
do not bite per se.
While the police, customs and excise, passport and municipal services have had the maximum bribing
incidents, however, the amount paid isn't as much as in the case of the education department.
Arbitrariness complicates the predictability and planning of firms' bribery and thus can make bribing
more damaging (Rodriguez et al.
by requiring a larger payment per bribe and expect bribing
The Tokyo District Court on Tuesday sentenced a certified public tax accountant to four-and-a-half years in prison and fined him 70 million yen for bribing
a government tax inspector.
If candidates are not able to monitor voters' selections, they will limit their bribing
to low turnout areas which favor them.
But following the 1973 oil crisis, Western businesses competing for markets in the Middle East `became accustomed to bribing
foreign politicians or officials in order to win contracts,' said Dommel.
Thus, by bribing
more than a minimal winning coalition, the first vote buyer can decrease the amount of the bribe paid to each member of his or her original coalition, while keeping constant the amount the second vote buyer must pay to invade successfully.
The etiquette of bribing
in Asian markets, after all, is complex.
Three Chinese nationals on Monday denied bribing
DCI officers probing a ticket sale scandal at SGR.