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Related to bronchial artery: pulmonary artery, bronchial vein
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The following study is a retrospective observational and analytical cohort study for two years among the patients admitted for massive haemoptysis undergoing bronchial artery embolisation.
Jie, "Aberrant left inferior bronchial artery originating from the left gastric artery in a patient with acute massive hemoptysis," CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology, vol.
The clinical feature of HSS grouped into three components: (a) features of thrombophlebitis; (b) features owing to pulmonary and/or bronchial artery aneurysms; and (c) features owing to aneurysmal rupture leading to massive hemoptysis and death.
38% of patients who re-bled after successful bronchial artery embolisations for haemoptysis had Rasmussen aneurysms.
Bronchial Artery Embolisation involves inserting miniature catheters into the blood vessels to examine where the problem exists.
The adult patients (> 18 years of age) with massive haemoptysis, managed by embolising branches of bronchial artery were included.
6, 7) This hemoptysis can be a result of a variety of sequelae and complications such as fibrosis or cicatrization, cavities, end-stage lung destruction, aspergilloma; airway lesions (including bronchiectasis, tracheobronchial stenosis, and broncholithiasis), or vascular lesions (including pulmonary or bronchial arteritis and thrombosis, bronchial artery dilatation, and Rasmussen aneurysm).
Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) is an established procedure in the emergency management.
Endovascular treatment of massive hemoptysis by bronchial artery embolization: short-term and long-term follow-up over a 15-year period.
Other differential diagnosis are endobronchial infections, calcified fungal balls, endobronchial fungal infections, (6,7) calcified endobronchial tumours, tracheo-bronchial diseases with mural calcifications (Amyloidosis), hypertrophied bronchial artery with intraluminal protrusion.
The coronary angiography revealed a fistulous communication between the right coronary artery and the right bronchial artery with no evidence of atherosclerotic disease (Fig.