Improvement

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improvement

n. any permanent structure on real property, or any work on the property (such as planting trees) which increases its value.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

IMPROVEMENT, estates. This term is of doubtful meaning It would seem to apply principally to buildings, though generally it extends to amelioration of every description of property, whether real or personal; it is generally explained by other words.
     2. Where, by the terms of a lease, the covenant was to leave at the end of the term a water-mill with all the fixtures, fastenings, and improvements, during the demise fixed, fastened, or set up on or upon the premises, in good plight and condition, it was held to include a pair of new millstones set up by the lessee during the term, although the custom of the country in general authorized the tenant to remove them. 9 Bing. 24; 3 Sim. 450; 2 Ves. & Bea. 349. Vide 3 Yeates, 71; Addis. R. 335; 4 Binn. R. 418; 5 Binn. R. 77; 5 S. & R. 266; 1 Binn. R. 495; 1 John. Ch. R. 450; 15 Pick. R. 471. Vide Profits. 2 Man. & Gra. 729, 757; S. C. 40 Eng. C. L. R. 598, 612.
     3. Tenants in common are not bound to pay for permanent improvements, made on the common property, by one of the tenants in common without their consent. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1881.

IMPROVEMENT, rights. An addition of some useful thing to a machine, manufacture or composition of matter.
     2. The patent law of July 4, 1836, authorizes the granting of a patent for any new and useful improvement on any art, machine manufacture or composition of matter. Sect. 6. It is often very difficult to say what is a new and useful improvement, the cases often approach very near to each other. In the present improved state of machinery, it is almost impracticable not to employ the same elements of motion, and in some particulars, the same manner of operation, to produce any new effect. 1 Gallis. 478; 2 Gallis. 51. See 4 B. & Ald. 540; 2 Kent, Com. 370.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Redevelopment Business Loan Program provides assistance for building improvements on a case-by-case basis, with flexible terms based on the community economic benefits of the project.
However, where the client has owned the land for more than one year, the land's sale gain still can be taxed at long-term capital gain rates, even if the building improvements are not completed by the closing of the sale.
Education minister Cathy Jamieson said the pounds 750million second phase of a package of public private partnerships, PPPs, would provide school building improvements in nine council areas.
Previous research understated the rate of economic depreciation, and thus overstated the appropriate recovery periods, because it neglected to account for the substantial expenditures devoted to building improvements after original construction, Deloitte says.
Margaret's Hospice, Clydebank, is furious VAT has to be paid on building improvements.
The IKDP's strategy was four-fold: development of industrial and commercial properties and public buildings; the provision of restoration grants for building improvements; enhancement of major streets; and a dynamic community development programme.
In November, district voters will decide on a proposed $69 million bond issue to fund building improvements such as air conditioning, technology upgrades and tighter security.
Ownership has already successfully leased up over half of the building, and with this bridge financing paving the way for the next series of building improvements, they are on their way to achieving full occupancy," said Hirt.
Among the proposals: preventing landlords with poor inspection records from accepting rental vouchers and from signing new leases or lease renewals with city agencies, and helping landlords access capital for quick building improvements. The Times noted that de Blasio's mostly pro-tenant initiatives come amid speculation that he may run for mayor in 2013.
In July 1975, the school was transferred to its present building and building improvements took place during 2003 to 2004.
THE nationwide enthusiasm for building improvements could be contributing to a massive decline in swift numbers, conservationists warned today.

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