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A system of administration wherein there is a specialization of functions, objective qualifications for office, action according to the adherence to fixed rules, and a hierarchy of authority and delegated power.

Organizations such as the armed forces or administrative agencies are common examples of bureaucracies.


noun administration, agency, delegated authority, departmentalization, governance, government, government by bureaus, government office, governmental procedure, governmental system for decisionnaking, inflexible routine, management, ministration, official procedure, officialdom, officiation, organization, powers that be, process of governing, red tape, regulation, reins of govvrnment, rigid routine, rule, service, sovereignty, state manngement, strict procedure, system
See also: hierarchy, management

BUREAUCRACY. The abuse of official influence in the affairs of government; corruption. This word has lately been adopted to signify that those persons who are employed in bureaus abuse their authority by intrigue to promote their own benefit, or that of friends, rather than the public good. The word is derived from the French.

References in periodicals archive ?
Instead contrary to the principles of classical Weberian theory, bureaucracies in the third world countries are legacies of colonial administrative structures which were not designed as one of the state's institutions for good governance, in fact those structures served as the only institutions of governance.
The country remained purely under the rule of civil-military bureaucracies for most of the times from 1947 to 1971.
Thus, irrationality, emotions and partiality--associated with femininity--are not valued within public bureaucracies (ibid.
Bureaucrats, bureaus, and bureaucracies seek to maximize their own choices.
Ayers supports smaller schools that would be more sensitive to the strengths and weaknesses of local communities, believing they offer the best prospect for addressing "the inequitable distribution of educational resources" and "the capacity of a range of self-interested bureaucracies to work against the common good.
In both Canada and in the USA, it has been the Catholic vote that has assisted in electing pro-abortion governments, presidents and prime ministers, and in both countries, the Catholic bureaucracies managing social justice departments for bishops would appear to support pro-abortion political leadership .
Faced with the reality that as a science and research organization they are more of a clearinghouse; that as an international researcher and advisor on health matters they often take second place to the World Bank (WHO's own reports are far more likely to cite substantive research done by the World Bank than any of its own original work, of which there is very little); and that in their First World-oriented agenda they are merely another bureaucratic layer echoing already existing national health ministries and the initiatives of other non-governmental organizations and international bureaucracies, WHO is scrambling frantically for its life.
It is this strategic value concept on "how" rather than "for whom" that has been the driver for bureaucrats and bureaucracies around the world.
Two prominent advocates of the choice paradigm, John Chubb and Terry Moe (1990), claim that public schools perform poorly because expansive centralized bureaucracies limit teachers' discretion to propose and implement innovative solutions to educational problems.
It's the age old story: two powerful, outdated bureaucracies fighting change.
11) Increasingly, the organized jobless found themselves within both union and government bureaucracies.
Since both the bureaucracy and standing army of the Renaissance monarchs were relatively small, local administration was entrusted for the most part to nobles, the bureaucracies of the estates and towns, and the sovereign courts.