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A system of administration wherein there is a specialization of functions, objective qualifications for office, action according to the adherence to fixed rules, and a hierarchy of authority and delegated power.

Organizations such as the armed forces or administrative agencies are common examples of bureaucracies.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

BUREAUCRACY. The abuse of official influence in the affairs of government; corruption. This word has lately been adopted to signify that those persons who are employed in bureaus abuse their authority by intrigue to promote their own benefit, or that of friends, rather than the public good. The word is derived from the French.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to understand better how global crises have affected global economy and the bureaucratization process, I have analysed the data from the 2007-2015 Global Competitiveness Report and the results indicate that bureaucracy is one of the most serious problems facing the business sector in many advanced economies.
Much of our bureaucratization of foreign affairs has been on the military side, not unnaturally given the Pentagon's seeming ability to get whatever funding it wants, My fellow ambassador Laurence Pope wrote two years ago how "the militarized institutions of the U.S.
The final chapter places the nation on the horizon of globalization, whereby even those evolving externalities appear subsumed to the bureaucratization of coercion and centrifugal ideologization.
1731) set out to respond to much more than the activism of the puritanical Kadizadeli movement; he sought also to weigh into a broader debate about the definition of Islam and to articulate a response to Ottoman realities wherein the bureaucratization of the ulema and the harmonization of qiiniin and sharita were threatening to erode the possibility of juridical pluralism as well as Islamic jurisprudence's function of protecting individual believers' "freedoms." (The Kadizadeli crisis, she argues, brought these realities into sharp relief, with the movement's preachers joining the court and its political theorists in their bid to strengthen the state's central authority.) Al-Nabulusi was thus not only a Sufi, but also a jurist.
Thus, in effect, the bureaucratization and modernization of medicine initiated under the Khmer Rouge continued under the PRK.
(16) That debate focuses on the institutionalization and bureaucratization of politics within emerging conceptions of Chinese constitutionalism.
Spencer's territorial-expansion model argues that states arise through a mutual-causal process involving simultaneous territorial expansion and bureaucratization.
To do justice to this simple inquiry turns out to be an enormously complex task that leads McKeown to analyze migration in a range of different registers: as entangled in the making and remaking of international law; as a site for the production of modern individual identity; as embedded in the protocols and procedures of the bureaucratization of identity; as a key domain that shapes current, normative understandings of state borders; as the nexus for the standardization of what would count as the "international"; as formative to distinguishing such salient categories as "free" and "unfree" persons; as enmeshed in discourses of civilization, race, and colonialism; as a critical locus in (re)definitions of state sovereignty; one could go on.
By positioning the BCS within this larger context of Reformist Buddhist movement, this article argues that Reformist Buddhism has legitimized the process of rationalization and bureaucratization of Buddhist institutions in the country.
An interesting concept for strategists is the chapter in which the United Nations concept of war is laid out and Rasmussen lays out his concept of the "bureaucratization of war" that challenges the notion that states conduct international affairs with the knowledge that war will be conducted as a last resort.
A dutiful social historian, he instead emphasizes broader social changes in the postwar era, from the bureaucratization of public schools to suburbanization, that enabled fresh ideas on home schooling to take root.