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A system of administration wherein there is a specialization of functions, objective qualifications for office, action according to the adherence to fixed rules, and a hierarchy of authority and delegated power.

Organizations such as the armed forces or administrative agencies are common examples of bureaucracies.


noun administration, agency, delegated authority, departmentalization, governance, government, government by bureaus, government office, governmental procedure, governmental system for decisionnaking, inflexible routine, management, ministration, official procedure, officialdom, officiation, organization, powers that be, process of governing, red tape, regulation, reins of govvrnment, rigid routine, rule, service, sovereignty, state manngement, strict procedure, system
See also: hierarchy, management

BUREAUCRACY. The abuse of official influence in the affairs of government; corruption. This word has lately been adopted to signify that those persons who are employed in bureaus abuse their authority by intrigue to promote their own benefit, or that of friends, rather than the public good. The word is derived from the French.

References in periodicals archive ?
Rather than a necessary consequence of democracy, however, they find that higher levels of bureaucratization are negatively associated with elected superintendents.
He explores what were then new ideas about modernity, centralization and bureaucratization of religion, the significance of sectarian in-fighting among Japanese Buddhists, missionary work, the agency of Korean monks under colonial rule, and competing nationalism.
The professionalization and bureaucratization of the civil service, along with its geographic expansion, forced diplomats to relate to ever-widening constituencies both at home and abroad.
The goals of centralization, bureaucratization, and social differentiation, pursued during the NEP through prejudicial tax policies, show trials of trade officials, and coercion and repression in times of crisis, bridged the two eras and laid the foundations for the socialist economy of the Stalinist years.
According to Norwood, these students, often the sons of the American bourgeoisie, were, like their fathers, faced with a "crisis of masculinity" rooted in the increasing bureaucratization of early 20th-century corporate America.
Pakulski and Waters argue that the economic foundations of class have been destroyed by bureaucratization, the separation of ownership and control, increased state intervention and ownership in the economy, the growing importance of educational credentials, professionalization, recognition of gender and ethnic and racial inequalities and conflicts, growth of non-manual work, declining union density, and widening property ownership (in pension plans, mutual funds, and homes).
The declining economy and state bureaucratization also threatened the elites, who responded by further privatizing charity, earmarking funds for institutions and causes which would help their kin, their clients, and themselves.
Many of the compliance issues surrounding the ADA offer case studies in how sweeping employment laws tend to abet centralization and bureaucratization in the workplace.
Zieger's closing pages are devoted to a provocative interpretation of the institution's bureaucratization, of its loss of vision and political courage, of its complicit role in the fragmenting and segmenting of the labor force, of its chronic inability to organize among white collar and service workers.
Already by late 1918, concentration of power at the centre and bureaucratization began to affect Soviet nationality policy.
The second factor was bureaucratization in the postindustrial state.