Cabinet

(redirected from cabinet minister)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

Cabinet

The counsel or group of advisers of a king or other chief executive of a government. A group of individuals who advise the president of the United States.

The president's cabinet was created by custom and tradition and was instituted by the first president. The heads of each of the executive departments of the government, including the Secretary of State, the secretary of the treasury, the secretary of defense, the attorney general, the secretary of the interior, the secretary of agriculture, the secretary of commerce, the secretary of labor, the secretary of health and human services, the secretary of education, the secretary of housing and urban development, and the secretary of transportation, comprise the cabinet.

Cross-references

Executive Branch.

See: agency, bench, board, body, chamber, commission, committee

Cabinet

in the constitutional law of the UK, as a result of various conventions, the executive part of the British government. Beginning as a group of special advisers to the crown, the lack of interest shown by monarchs in the 18th century meant that the Crown took little part in their deliberations. Parliament was concerned about this practice, and as early as the Act of Settlement of 1700 had tried to restrain the practice. Nonetheless, the Reform Act of 1832, extending the franchise, meant that the support of the House of Commons was ever more important. Accordingly, whoever had support there could have the direct link to the Crown, which was the essence of the Cabinet. The acceptance of the limited role of monarchy and the increase in representation have increased the status of the Cabinet so that it is now effectively the executive branch of government answerable to Parliament and requiring to legislate through Parliament with the Crown but in practical day-to-day matters being able to carry through all business subject to the duty of doing so in accordance with the policy of Parliament. It is entirely distinct from the Privy Council, whose meetings take precedence, but naturally many of the same individuals sit on both. Members of the Cabinet are usually ministers and are appointed by the Crown on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. There are usually about 20 members, and the existence of the Cabinet, although a matter of convention, has been noticed in legislation and judicial decision. It has a secretariat, and in modern times it keeps records, including minutes. Members subscribe to a doctrine of collective responsibility under which dissension in Cabinet is silenced after a decision, and all abide and promote that course. The Cabinet is responsible as a whole to Parliament under this doctrine.

CABINET. Certain officers who taken collectively make a board; as, the president's, cabinet, which is usually composed of the secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, the attorney general, and some others.
     2. These officers are the advisers of the president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Asked about Maurya's remarks, the Cabinet Minister and government spokesperson Shrikant Sharma said, 'He is a senior leader and his sentiments expressing concern for women are good.
He pointed out that the Cabinet Ministers who were with him visited and examined various facilities and infrastructural areas -- including the clinic, R.
Modifying its earlier order, the court has ruled that photos of governors, chief ministers and Cabinet ministers can also feature in the advertisements by central and state governments published in print media and shown on electronic media to announce various schemes and greet the public on various occasions.
In that time, the Majlis has ousted one of his cabinet ministers, Science Minister Reza Faraji-Dana, who, despite his title, was charged with overseeing higher education, a very sensitive post given the propensity of college students to demonstrate against govemments.
Former Cabinet minister Lord Hutton said Labour should skip a generation of MPs in its search for the party's new leader.
In the ensuing fracas, the cabinet minister was pushed backwards over a low wall while being filmed and photographed by the media.
This week he mocked a London cabbie's speech, boasting the man hadn't been a QC, award-winning broadcaster and Cabinet minister.
Modi, however, cocked a snook on Shiv Sena by inducting senior leader from the party Suresh Prabhu as a cabinet minister despite protests.
Cherie Blair joined leading Labour figures, including leader Ed Miliband, shadow chancellor Ed Balls and shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper, in St Margaret's Church, which was packed to its 750-strong capacity, for the funeral of the former cabinet minister.
Benn was a member of parliament for 50 years and a cabinet minister for 11 years.
Summary: Former Cabinet minister Chris Huhne and his ex-wife are to stand trial next Monday over claims she took speeding points for him.
A REPORT by former Tory cabinet minister Lord Heseltine aimed at boosting economic growth in the regions came under attack last night from business groups.