Month

(redirected from calendar months)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

MONTH. A space of time variously computed, as it is applied to astronomical, civil or solar, or lunar months.
     2. The astronomical month contains one-twelfth part of the time employed by the sun in going through the zodiac. In law, when a month simply is mentioned, it is never understood to mean an astronomical month.
     3. The civil or solar month is that which agrees with the Gregorian calendar, and these months are known by the names of January, February, March, &c. They are composed of unequal portions of time. There are seven of thirty-one days each, four of thirty, and one which is sometimes composed of twenty-eight days, and in leap years, of twenty-nine.
     4. The lunar mouth is composed of twenty-eight days only. When a law is passed or contract made, and the month is expressly stated to be solar or civil, which is expressed by the term calendar month, or when it is expressed to be a lunar month, no difficulty can arise; but when time is given for the performance of an act, and the word month simply is used, so that the intention of the parties cannot be ascertained then the question arises, how shall the month be computed? By the law of England a month means ordinarily, in common contracts, as, in leases, a lunar month; a contract, therefore, made for a lease of land for twelve months, would mean a lease for forty-eight weeks only. 2 Bl. Com. 141; 6 Co. R. 62; 6 T. R. 224. A distinction has been made between "twelve months," and "a twelve-month;" the latter has been held to mean a year. 6 Co. R. 61.
     5. Among the Greeks and Romans the months were lunar, and probably the mode of computation adopted in the English law has been adopted from the codes of these countries. Clef des Lois Rom. mot Mois.
     6. But in mercantile contracts, a month simply signifies a calendar month; a promissory note to pay money in twelve months, would therefore mean a promise to pay in one year, or twelve calendar months. Chit. on Bills, 406; 1 John. Cas. 99; 3 B. & B. 187; 1 M. & S. 111; Story on Bills, Sec. 143; Story, P. N. Sec. 213; Bayl. on Bills, c. 7; 4 Kent, Comm. Sect. 56; 2 Mass. 170; 4 Mass. 460; 6 Watts. & Serg. 179.
     7. In general, when a statute Speaks of a month, without adding "calendar," or other words showing a clear intention, it shall be intended a lunar month. Com. Dig. Ann. B; 4 Wend. 512; 15 John. R. 358. See 2 Cowen, R. 518; Id. 605. In all legal proceedings, as in commitments, pleadings, &c. a month means four weeks. 3 Burr. R. 1455; 1 Bl. Rep. 450; Dougl. R. 446 463.
     8. In Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, and perhaps some other states, 1 Hill. Ab. 118, n., a month mentioned generally in a statute, has been construed to mean a calendar month. 2 Dall. R. 302; 4 Dall. Rep. 143; 4 Mass. R. 461; 4 Bibb. R. 105. In England, in the ecclesiastical law, months are computed by the calendar. 3 Burr. R. 1455; 1 M. & S. 111.
     9. In New York, it is enacted that whenever the term "month," or "months," is or shall be used in any statute, act, deed, verbal or written contract, or any public or private instrument whatever, it shall be construed to mean a calendar, and not a lunar month; unless otherwise expressed. Rev. Stat. part 1, c. 19, tit. 1, Sec. 4. Vide, generally, 2 Sim. & Stu. 476; 2 A. K. Marsh. Rep. 245; 3 John. Ch. Rep. 74; 2 Campb. 294; 1 Esp. R. 146; 6 T. R. 224; 1 M. & S. 111; 3 East, R. 407; 4 Moore, 465; 1 Bl. Rep. 150; 1 Bing. 307; S. C. 8 Eng. C. L. R. 328;. 1 M. & S. 111; 1 Str. 652; 6 M. & S. 227; 3 Brod. & B. 187; S. C. 7 Eng. C. L. R. 404.

References in periodicals archive ?
It'll still be cheaper/easier to take the knowledge test now, but it only lasts 24 calendar months during which time you can still take your practical without concern for the certified training program requirements.
He revealed in a recent interview that one of his ambitions is to train at least one winner in each calendar month, and he has virtually achieved this milestone in 2010 as his Flat winners in Britain by calendar month read 2, 5, 6, 1, 2, 2, 6, 2, 4, 3, 1.
With the calendar month version of MEDLINE Current, subscribers accure the present month's information on a weekly basis.
To remain current, you'll still have to complete the six approaches in the past six calendar months preceding the flight.
Maintenance (main and current), maintenance and repair of 7 (seven) motor vehicles owned by the north central state enterprise, gabrovo - state forestry sevlievo farm ", sevlievo for a period of 12 calendar months.
Contract notice: supply of spare parts and repair services for the official cars of sds ds - gabrovo, managed by tpc buynovtsi tpp for a period of 12 calendar months
Contract notice: "supply of spare parts and repair services for the official cars of sds ds - gabrovo, managed by tpc buynovtsi", for a period of 12 calendar months "
the term of contract shall be twelve (12) calendar months. the contract may be extended to include two additional twelve (12) calendar months periods.
for the duration of the framework agreement is likely to vary within the following limits: minimum amount over 12 calendar months = 5,000 excluding tax and maximum amount over 12 calendar months = 30,000 excluding taxthe framework agreement sets all the conditions for performance of the services and it is executed as and when the issue of purchase ordersthe framework agreement has a duration of 24 calendar months from january 1, 2019.This framework agreement is renewable twice for a period of one year by tacit agreement, unless the buyer decides not to renew the market after two years or at the end of the third year.
Contract awarded for Establishment of period contract for supply of event photography services for 12 calendar months with option to extend 12 calendar months
The obligation to pay contributions for capital repairs arises from the owners of premises in an apartment building at the end of eight calendar months after the official publication of the approved regional capital repair program, which includes this apartment building.
"supply of spare parts and repair services for official cars of sds ds - gabrovo, Operated by tpc buynovtsi, For a period of 12 calendar months".