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BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Direct and maternal genetic influences on calving ease (dystocia) [4].
Latest BCMS data shows that the average calves per lifetime is currently 5.4, with an average calving interval of 432 days.
This extra magnesium will help mobilise the cows' own body reserves of calcium, improving muscle tone in the womb and preventing prolonged calvings and the detrimental impact that has on the calf.
When selecting an appropriate calving area, parous caribou often face a tradeoff between availability of nutritious spring forage and reduced risk of predation on neonates (Bergerud, 2000; Barten et al., 2001).
1997), so potential calving sites were pinpointed by viewing the corrected data for the month of May from 1995-1998, with ArcView[R] GIS Version 3.0a software (ESRI Inc., Redlands, CA).
The course of calving, the size and vitality of the calves depending on the dimensions of the body of the cows.
Descriptive Statistics for lactation milk yield, lactation length, milk composition and calving interval in Anatolian Buffalo.
All cows are crossed with Charolais bulls, which the Milnes source from France, and Aberdeen-Angus bulls, alongside Salers, are being used on heifers for ease of calving.
Preventing exposure is the other part of the battle, making sure the calving area is as clean as possible.
Six pregnant dams were selected in their last month of pregnancy (25 to 30 days before calving) and were administered injection Copper glycinate (a) (75 mg/ml) S/c route in brisket region @ 0.5mg/kg b.wt.
Beef calves are the products produced in the beef feedlot compared to a dairy, and lactating beef cows need to accomplish three fundamental things related to nutrition: produce sufficient milk to maintain calf growth, achieve target body condition scores of their calves and conceive again for next calving. Research on early weaning has been more popular in recent years for a variety of reasons including better utilization of limited feed, a good means to keep young cows in good condition and improve reproduction in their first few years [1], and alter growth of beef calves to enhance carcass characteristics [2-5].
In truth, Llyr had some idea what he was letting himself in for: previously he had used oestrus synchronization to tighten the calving interval of his Pabo pedigree Limousin herd.