Canon

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CANON, eccl. law. This word is taken from the Greek, and signifies a rule or law. In ecclesiastical law, it is also used to designate an order of religious persons. Francis Duaren says, the reason why the ecclesiastics called the rules they established canons or rules, (canones id est regulas) and not laws, was modesty. They did not dare to call them (leges) laws, lest they should seem to arrogate to themselves the authority of princes and magistrates. De Sacris Ecclesiae Ministeriis, p. 2, in pref. See Law, Canon.

LAW, CANON. The canon law is a body of Roman ecclesiastical law, relative to such matters as that church either has or pretends to have the proper jurisdiction over:
     2. This is compiled from the opinions of the ancient Latin fathers, the decrees of general councils, and the decretal epistles and bulls of the holy see. All which lay in the same confusion and disorder as the Roman civil law, till about the year 1151, when one Gratian, an Italian monk, animated by the discovery of Justinian's Pandects, reduced the ecclesiastical constitutions also into some method, in three books, which he entitled Concordia discordantium canonum, but which are generally known by the name of Decretum Gratiani. These reached as low as the time of Pope Alexander III. The subsequent papal decrees to the pontificate of Gregory IX., were published in much the same method, under the auspices of that pope, about the year 1230, in five books, entitled Decretalia Gregorii noni. A sixth book was added by Boniface VIII., about the year 1298, which is called Sextus decretalium. The Clementine constitution or decrees of Clement V., were in like manner authenticated in 1317, by his successor, John XXII., who also published twenty constitutions of his own, called the Extravagantes Joannis, all of which in some manner answer to the novels of the civil law. To these have since been added some decrees of the later popes, in five books called Extravagantes communes. And all these together, Gratian's Decrees, Gregory's Decretals, the Sixth Decretals, the Clementine Constitutions, and the Extravagants of John and his successors, form the Corpus juris canonici, or body of the Roman canon law. 1 Bl. Com. 82; Encyclopedie, Droit Canonique, Droit Public Ecclesiastique; Dict. de Jurispr. Droit Canonique; Ersk. Pr. L. Scotl. B. 1, t. 1, s. 10. See, in general, Ayl. Par. Jur. Can. Ang.; Shelf. on M. & D. 19; Preface to Burn's Eccl. Law, by Thyrwhitt, 22; Hale's Hist. C. L. 26-29; Bell's Case of a Putative Marriage, 203; Dict. du Droit Canonique; Stair's Inst. b. 1, t. 1, 7.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In many cases, these harmonizations were made in order to assert the canonicity of the newer material and blend them as seamlessly as possible with the older material.
In this article, translation and canonicity are connected in two ways.
Treca cjelina (Antonyms and canonicity) prikazuje neke sintakticke okvire unutar kojih antonimi obnasaju svoje diskursne funkcije, sto, prema tvrdnjama autora, moze posluziti u definiranju odrecenih antonimnih parova kao kanonskih.
In this seminar, different positions were held, from nationalistic approaches to more internationalistic ones, showing the academia's diversity of insights on the topic of canonicity. As we shall see, Preuss's study provides "wide-ranging insights into the canonisation of an emergent [Scottish] literature" and explores how the different literary institutions in Scotland attempt "to construct a Scottish national canon in order to promote Scottish national identity" (2012: 384).
Topics include Bonhoeffer's theological exposition of scripture; Bonhoeffer, Luther and Bach on the role of reason in reading scripture; Bonhoeffer's retelling of the gospel like "a fairy tale about a strange land;" the "presencing" of Christ; Bonhoeffer's changing view of biblical canonicity; biblical metaphors in Bonhoeffer's understanding of the church; the creation and Fall of man; discipleship; Bonhoeffer's Bethel confession; confession of sin as the mirror image of the Fall; and language and life as spheres of "in-between."
Another important issue analysed by David Malcolm is the seminal topic of canonicity. For Ireland the question is whether the short story is integral to any discussion of Irish literature; in Britain, where the short story has been almost ignored and underrated by critics for a long time, the debate has focused on the non-canonicity of short fiction.
This volume also sets the standard for our way of addressing canonicity, social, historical and legal backgrounds, and iconography" (p.
For while the number thirty-nine may be arbitrary, the message is not: Cervantism is still alive and well in the US yet, far from resting on its laurels of canonicity, continues to push the boundaries of critical inquiry, delve deeper into the archives, and interrogate the underlying premises of its own scholarship.
Her chapter on literature compares the works of Sam Greenlee, John Okada, and Alice Walker, and is especially illuminating in tracing the mechanisms of guerrilla subjectivity and its relationship to the politics of canonicity and minority literature.
Like the narrative of nation-building, and professional canonicity that it shadowed, this narrative required any theatre-building to take place on a depopulated, empty ground." (151) Filewod fills this seemingly empty ground with research into postwar socialist and labour plays and 1960s and 1970s activist and agitprop groups.
The Canonicity of the Holy Bible (which books or texts were to be decreed as divine inspiration) was next.
Though many well-known theatres, plays, playwrights and managers appear in the pages of this volume--including Joan Littlewood and Theatre Workshop, John Osborne and the Royal Court, Samuel Beckett and Tennessee Williams--Nicholson's painstaking research reminds us that there was (and is) no necessary relation between censorious disapprobation, critical recognition, and canonicity. The vast majority of plays assessed by the Lord Chamberlain's staff were not high profile at the time, and are now long forgotten.