Canon

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CANON, eccl. law. This word is taken from the Greek, and signifies a rule or law. In ecclesiastical law, it is also used to designate an order of religious persons. Francis Duaren says, the reason why the ecclesiastics called the rules they established canons or rules, (canones id est regulas) and not laws, was modesty. They did not dare to call them (leges) laws, lest they should seem to arrogate to themselves the authority of princes and magistrates. De Sacris Ecclesiae Ministeriis, p. 2, in pref. See Law, Canon.

LAW, CANON. The canon law is a body of Roman ecclesiastical law, relative to such matters as that church either has or pretends to have the proper jurisdiction over:
     2. This is compiled from the opinions of the ancient Latin fathers, the decrees of general councils, and the decretal epistles and bulls of the holy see. All which lay in the same confusion and disorder as the Roman civil law, till about the year 1151, when one Gratian, an Italian monk, animated by the discovery of Justinian's Pandects, reduced the ecclesiastical constitutions also into some method, in three books, which he entitled Concordia discordantium canonum, but which are generally known by the name of Decretum Gratiani. These reached as low as the time of Pope Alexander III. The subsequent papal decrees to the pontificate of Gregory IX., were published in much the same method, under the auspices of that pope, about the year 1230, in five books, entitled Decretalia Gregorii noni. A sixth book was added by Boniface VIII., about the year 1298, which is called Sextus decretalium. The Clementine constitution or decrees of Clement V., were in like manner authenticated in 1317, by his successor, John XXII., who also published twenty constitutions of his own, called the Extravagantes Joannis, all of which in some manner answer to the novels of the civil law. To these have since been added some decrees of the later popes, in five books called Extravagantes communes. And all these together, Gratian's Decrees, Gregory's Decretals, the Sixth Decretals, the Clementine Constitutions, and the Extravagants of John and his successors, form the Corpus juris canonici, or body of the Roman canon law. 1 Bl. Com. 82; Encyclopedie, Droit Canonique, Droit Public Ecclesiastique; Dict. de Jurispr. Droit Canonique; Ersk. Pr. L. Scotl. B. 1, t. 1, s. 10. See, in general, Ayl. Par. Jur. Can. Ang.; Shelf. on M. & D. 19; Preface to Burn's Eccl. Law, by Thyrwhitt, 22; Hale's Hist. C. L. 26-29; Bell's Case of a Putative Marriage, 203; Dict. du Droit Canonique; Stair's Inst. b. 1, t. 1, 7.

References in periodicals archive ?
The stages also include citing the 'intercessory power' of the prospective saint by proving 'a miracle for the beatification stage and a second one for the canonization stage through scientific and theological examinations.'
Catholics talked about their causes for canonization. Rome will tell you that the canonization process is very unbiased and scientific: It's cut and dried and does not depend on local culture.
The Romero canonization showed how time had changed in the country and church though, in an interview, Tojeira quipped of Romero's critics, "They used to say 'communist.' They now have a little more civilized discourse but continue being similar."
Apart from the canonization, the Vice President will also meet with overseas Taiwanese nationals in an event held at St.
Before, canon lawyers subjected a 'cause' (sponsorship of a nominee for canonization) to years of meticulous investigation and argumentation that left no aspect of a nominee's life and deeds undiscussed.
20), Meulenbeld notes that Canonization "reflects the exorcistic strategy of enlisting locally autonomous forces into a pantheon with transregional or even national appeal" (p.
7 for the beatification and canonization of Father George Willman, the prelate behind the strengthening of the Philippines' Knights of Columbus which was established in 1905.
On Thursday evening, and in the presence of 30 leading religious leaders from around the world, a solemn canonization ceremony was held at Etchmiadzin, the seat of the Apostolic Church near Yerevan.
Ambassador Hackett said the canonization was "an historic moment for Catholic faithful" and "an opportunity for the United States to reflect on the moments we shared with these transformational leaders."
The congress was mainly devoted to canonization of John Paul II this year.
MEXICO CITY -- The canonization of Pope John Paul II is drawing special attention in Latin America, reviving both warm memories of his frequent visits to the region and debate over his handling of sex-abuse scandals.
Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev will attend the canonization ceremony of blessed John XXIII and John Paul II in Vatican City on April 27.