Canon

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CANON, eccl. law. This word is taken from the Greek, and signifies a rule or law. In ecclesiastical law, it is also used to designate an order of religious persons. Francis Duaren says, the reason why the ecclesiastics called the rules they established canons or rules, (canones id est regulas) and not laws, was modesty. They did not dare to call them (leges) laws, lest they should seem to arrogate to themselves the authority of princes and magistrates. De Sacris Ecclesiae Ministeriis, p. 2, in pref. See Law, Canon.

LAW, CANON. The canon law is a body of Roman ecclesiastical law, relative to such matters as that church either has or pretends to have the proper jurisdiction over:
     2. This is compiled from the opinions of the ancient Latin fathers, the decrees of general councils, and the decretal epistles and bulls of the holy see. All which lay in the same confusion and disorder as the Roman civil law, till about the year 1151, when one Gratian, an Italian monk, animated by the discovery of Justinian's Pandects, reduced the ecclesiastical constitutions also into some method, in three books, which he entitled Concordia discordantium canonum, but which are generally known by the name of Decretum Gratiani. These reached as low as the time of Pope Alexander III. The subsequent papal decrees to the pontificate of Gregory IX., were published in much the same method, under the auspices of that pope, about the year 1230, in five books, entitled Decretalia Gregorii noni. A sixth book was added by Boniface VIII., about the year 1298, which is called Sextus decretalium. The Clementine constitution or decrees of Clement V., were in like manner authenticated in 1317, by his successor, John XXII., who also published twenty constitutions of his own, called the Extravagantes Joannis, all of which in some manner answer to the novels of the civil law. To these have since been added some decrees of the later popes, in five books called Extravagantes communes. And all these together, Gratian's Decrees, Gregory's Decretals, the Sixth Decretals, the Clementine Constitutions, and the Extravagants of John and his successors, form the Corpus juris canonici, or body of the Roman canon law. 1 Bl. Com. 82; Encyclopedie, Droit Canonique, Droit Public Ecclesiastique; Dict. de Jurispr. Droit Canonique; Ersk. Pr. L. Scotl. B. 1, t. 1, s. 10. See, in general, Ayl. Par. Jur. Can. Ang.; Shelf. on M. & D. 19; Preface to Burn's Eccl. Law, by Thyrwhitt, 22; Hale's Hist. C. L. 26-29; Bell's Case of a Putative Marriage, 203; Dict. du Droit Canonique; Stair's Inst. b. 1, t. 1, 7.

References in periodicals archive ?
Catholics in the 19th and early 20th century to canonize an American saint?
While I am certain that Dorothy Day would want whatever money it takes to canonize her directed toward the poor, I can't wait for the holy cards.
Analysts have said the decision to canonize them together was aimed at unifying the church, since each pope has his admirers and critics.
Francis approved a decree that a Costa Rican woman's inexplicable cure from a deadly brain aneurism was the "miracle" needed to canonize John Paul.
And reverence for her extends across the world: Pope John Paul II had a profound respect for the Virgin of Guadalupe, and he came to Mexico to canonize Juan Diego in July 2002.
First, he said that steps taken by the Church to canonize or beatify well-known Jewish converts to Catholicism were unwelcome by Jews; second, he criticized the enthusiasm among Vatican officials for Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ; and, third, he argued that Jewish-Catholic dialogue should not be viewed too optimistically, saying, "The ideal is far from the reality" (Nat.
The priest criticized plans to canonize the founder of Opus Dei, Blessed Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer; Italian Capuchin Blessed Padre Pio, a noted confessor whose body was marked with the signs of the crucifixion; and Blessed Juan Diego, the Mexican Indian who saw Our Lady of Guadalupe (NCR, Dec.
The controversy was reignited as Pope John Paul II declared May 22 his intention to canonize Stein, who adopted the name Sr.
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka -- Pope Francis is pressing his call for Sri Lankan unity and reconciliation with a Mass in Colombo to canonize the country's first saint and a visit to the war-ravaged north to visit a shrine revered by both Sinhalese and Tamil faithful.