Capital

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capital

1) n. from Latin for caput, meaning "head," the basic assets of a business (particularly corporations or partnerships) or of an individual, including actual funds, equipment and property as distinguished from stock in trade, inventory, payroll, maintenance and services. 2) adj. related to the basic assets or activities of a business or individual, such as capital account, capital assets, capital expenditure, and capital gain or loss. 3) n. an amount of money a person owns, as in "how much capital do you have to put into this investment?" as distinguished from the amount which must be financed. (See: capital account, capital assets, capital gains or losses, stock in trade)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

CAPITAL, political economy, commerce. In political economy, it is that portion of the produce of a country, which may be made directly available either to support the human species or to the facilitating of production.
     2. In commerce, as applied to individuals, it is those objects, whether consisting of money or other property, which a merchant, trader, or other person adventures in an undertaking, or which he contributes to the common stock of a partnership. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1458.
     3. It signifies money put out at interest.
     4. The fund of a trading company or corporation is also called capital, but in this sense the word stock is generally added to it; thus we say the capital stock of the Bank of North America.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 'golden-age of capitalism' fell apart as Bretton Woods system broke down in mid-1970s which gave way to the emergence of market-liberal changes.
Namely, one wonders what Sagers means by the term "capitalism." Sagers uses the word in the title of his book and on page after page in his text, but in the end we never quite know how he understands it.
(5) Blanc used the term "capitalism"--for the first time in print--in the ninth edition of his book Organisation du travail ("Organization of Labor").
Critique: An impressively presented work of outstanding scholarship in the field of economics, "American Capitalism: New Histories" is enhanced for academia with the inclusion of a fourteen page Selected Bibliography, a four page listing of contributors and their credentials, and a twenty-five page Index.
In fact, intolerance and religious bias is increasing again even in the West as capitalism starts to stagnate.
Overall, Rossi's book provides a comprehensive, historically-grounded, and theoretically nuanced account of how cities and global capitalism have become increasingly enmeshed over time.
Almost out of nowhere, he concludes about how the Left's academics and politicians must develop an alternative police science in order to use policing and security to make a transition from capitalism to socialism.
These include his explanation of rent, marginality, under-development, globalisation, under-consumption, nongovernmental organisations, European Union and Eurozone, social movements, and last but not the least his thoughts on capitalism. A chapter each is dedicated to the above-mentioned themes in the book.
Historically, anti-capitalism has been animated by four different logics of resistance: smashing capitalism, taming capitalism, escaping capitalism, and eroding capitalism.
Unfortunately, Bell's description of the replacement of capitalism does not match the detail he provides in its critique.
Noted independent journalist, Thakurta, went even a step ahead, calling capitalism's way a joke.