Canal

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CANAL. A trench dug for leading water in a particular direction, and confining it.
     2. Public canals are generally protected by the law which authorizes their being made. Various points have arisen under numerous laws authorizing the construction of canals, which have been decided in cases reported in 1 Yeates, 430; 1 Binn. 70; 1 Pennsyl. 462; 2 Pennsyl. 517; 7 Mass. 169; 1 Sumu. 46; 20 Johns. 103, 735; 2 Johns. 283; 7 John. Ch. 315; 1 Wend. 474; 5 Wend. 166; 8 Wend. 469; 4 Wend. 667; 6 Cowen, 698; 7 Cowen, 526 4 Hamm. 253; 5 Hamm. 141, 391; 6 Hamm. 126; 1 N. H. Rep. 339; See River.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nearly all cases are associated with lack of the bony carotid canal on the affected side.
01 mm of accuracy) from HS to foramen ovale, jugular foramen and carotid canal of the middle cranial base.
The neoplasm was found to fill the entire petrous apex and involve the intrapetrous portion of the carotid canal, but it was easily dissected from the internal carotid artery.
The Denver screening criteria for BCI Signs and symptoms * Arterial haemorrhage * Cervical bruit in patient <50 years of age * Expanding cervical haematoma * Focal neurological deficit * Neurological examination incongruous with head CT scan findings * Stroke on secondary CT scan Risk factors for BCI High-energy transfer mechanism with: * LeForte II or III fracture * Cervical spine fracture * Basilar skull fracture with carotid canal involvement * Diffuse axonal injury with GCS < 6 * Near-hanging with anoxic brain injury CT = computed tomography; BCI = blunt carotid injury; GCS = Glasgow Coma Score.
Longitudinal fractures begin in the squamous part of the temporal bone, extend through the external auditory canal, across the middle ear, and terminate near the carotid canal.
Agenesis is a primary failure of development with absence of the bony carotid canal.
At the level of the skull base, the left internal carotid artery is absent (Figure 2A) and there is also absence of the left carotid canal (Figure 2B).
7] Considering the extent of disease in this case, wide surgical excision of tumour was not possible due to involvement of carotid canal and intracerebral invasion.
The carotid canal was intact with no evidence of an aberrant carotid artery.