capacity

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Capacity

The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

capacity

(Aptitude), noun ability, ableness, aptness, capability, capableness, competence, competency, faculty, giftedness, potentiality, power, proficiency, qualification, range, reach, scope, skill, talent
Associated concepts: full capacity, lack of capacity, legal caaacity, lessened capacity, mental capacity, private capacity, proprietary capacity, quasi-judicial capacity, representative capacity, testamentary capacity, want of capacity
Foreign phrases: Sola ac per se senectus donationem testaaentum aut transactionem non vitiat.Old age does not alone and of itself vitiate a will, gift, or transaction. Furiosus stipulare non potest nec aliquid negotium agere, qui non intelligit quid agit. An insane person who knows not what he is doing, cannot contract nor transact any business. Furiosus nullum negotium contrahere potest. An insane person can make no contract. Furiosi nulla voluntas est. A madman has no will. Homo potest esse habilis et inhabilis diversis temmoribus. A man is capable and incapable at different times.

capacity

(Authority), noun accordance, allowance, authorization, certification, charter, consent, control, droit, enablement, jurisdiction, justification, leave, legal capacity, liberty, license, permission, permit, power, prerogative, privilege, qualification, right, sanction, sovereignty, stature, supremacy, warrant
Associated concepts: capacity to sue

capacity

(Job), noun assignment, function, position, role, situation, task

capacity

(Maximum), noun ampleness, amplitude, breadth, compass, comprehensiveness, containing power, extent, full complement, full extent, full volume, fullness, greatest amount, greatest extent, greatest size, holding ability, largeness, limit, limit of endurance, limitation, physical limit, plenitude, reach, room, scope, stretch, tankage, upper limit, volume

capacity

(Sphere), noun ambit, area, arena, bounds, division, domain, extent, field, jurisdiction, limits, orbit, pale, province, reach, realm, region, scope, specialty, stretch, territory
See also: ability, appointment, caliber, cargo, competence, coverage, employment, faculty, fitness, flair, gift, maximum, means, measurement, occupation, office, opportunity, penchant, performance, position, post, potential, propensity, province, pursuit, qualification, role, science, scope, space, sphere, sufficiency, technique

capacity

the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

References in periodicals archive ?
Change: with the development of time, the carrying capacity of water resources will change.
Based on the specific characteristics of the urban rail under the express-slow mode and factors influencing its operation, we remodify (1) and propose a methodology to measure the maximum carrying capacity of a suburb line applying the express-slow mode.
The carrying capacity of many species was determined using various techniques in the past.
The results in Table 1 show that all of tourism ecological footprint, tourism ecological carrying capacity, tourism ecological deficits, and tourism ecological pressure from 2000 to 2005 in Liaoning Province, in general, present a increasing trend; however, the increasing margin of tourism ecological carrying capacity is less than that of tourism ecological footprint and tourism ecological deficits grows up year by year as well, generating a big tourism ecological pressure.
99 # For maximum carrying capacity on a long trip - and complete versatility - the Touring Panniers increase in size from 22 to 28 litres and feature an antiskid base.
The conflict carrying capacity score is also a solid predictor of currency collapse, according t researcher John Freeman at the University of Minnesota; the Swiss Peace Foundation uses CCC scores to identify nations whose currencies are at risk.
If there do remain at least eight M&Ms, then each M&M has one offspring, so that the total M&Ms on the plate will double if the carrying capacity permits.
The population/ecology problem has grown worse and, from what we know happened in Cairo in September, the Vatican has once again contributed enormously to frustrating the will of most nations in trying to bring population growth into line with the sustainable carrying capacity of our planet.
Much stronger evidence and more studies exist on the relationship between carrying capacity and formation rate than on the relationship between munificence and formation rate.
Related to this concept are two other concepts: "Bio-Capacity" and "Ecological Footprint": bio-capacity is another term for carrying capacity whereas the ecological footprint is a measurement of productive land and water area required for a person to meet all his requirements in life both for his survival and development.
2002, and Krevaikas & Triantafillou, 2005, showed that strengthening of masonry columns with glass fiber fabric increased carrying capacity up to 300%.
The home and garden version is the standard and offers a carrying capacity of six cubic feet and 200 home, garden, equestrian, marine and other uses.