capacity

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Capacity

The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

capacity

(Aptitude), noun ability, ableness, aptness, capability, capableness, competence, competency, faculty, giftedness, potentiality, power, proficiency, qualification, range, reach, scope, skill, talent
Associated concepts: full capacity, lack of capacity, legal caaacity, lessened capacity, mental capacity, private capacity, proprietary capacity, quasi-judicial capacity, representative capacity, testamentary capacity, want of capacity
Foreign phrases: Sola ac per se senectus donationem testaaentum aut transactionem non vitiat.Old age does not alone and of itself vitiate a will, gift, or transaction. Furiosus stipulare non potest nec aliquid negotium agere, qui non intelligit quid agit. An insane person who knows not what he is doing, cannot contract nor transact any business. Furiosus nullum negotium contrahere potest. An insane person can make no contract. Furiosi nulla voluntas est. A madman has no will. Homo potest esse habilis et inhabilis diversis temmoribus. A man is capable and incapable at different times.

capacity

(Authority), noun accordance, allowance, authorization, certification, charter, consent, control, droit, enablement, jurisdiction, justification, leave, legal capacity, liberty, license, permission, permit, power, prerogative, privilege, qualification, right, sanction, sovereignty, stature, supremacy, warrant
Associated concepts: capacity to sue

capacity

(Job), noun assignment, function, position, role, situation, task

capacity

(Maximum), noun ampleness, amplitude, breadth, compass, comprehensiveness, containing power, extent, full complement, full extent, full volume, fullness, greatest amount, greatest extent, greatest size, holding ability, largeness, limit, limit of endurance, limitation, physical limit, plenitude, reach, room, scope, stretch, tankage, upper limit, volume

capacity

(Sphere), noun ambit, area, arena, bounds, division, domain, extent, field, jurisdiction, limits, orbit, pale, province, reach, realm, region, scope, specialty, stretch, territory
See also: ability, appointment, caliber, cargo, competence, coverage, employment, faculty, fitness, flair, gift, maximum, means, measurement, occupation, office, opportunity, penchant, performance, position, post, potential, propensity, province, pursuit, qualification, role, science, scope, space, sphere, sufficiency, technique

capacity

the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

References in periodicals archive ?
Is there a definitive carrying capacity of the Earth?
2059 in 2005 and also show an increasing trend, suggesting that the ecological environment demand strength from tourism economy activities in Liaoning Province is more than the supply capacity of tourism ecological carrying capacity, a wake-up call for the tourism development in Liaoning Province; and also reflecting the over largely seized tourism industry development in Liaoning Province and increasingly expanded contradiction among economy, society, and environment.
The results were striking, in that the populations crashed immediately in Experiments I and II, whereas the students in Experiment III passed on a plate holding its carrying capacity.
Kappa hard luggage has long provided extra carrying capacity for longdistance touring and commuting.
Jouppi, a mechanical engineer with a seasoned interest in thermal management, questioned the accuracy of the existing current carrying capacity charts, which date back to work conducted in the 1950s by the National Bureau of Standards.
This reduces the current carrying capacity of the superconductor due to the presence of the magnetic field.
The test results showed that reinforced and strengthened walls increased carrying capacity i.
Belarusian Autoworks (BelAZ trademark), based in Zhodino, will deliver 15 haul trucks with the carrying capacity of 45 tonnes to Vietnam.
Don Ryan, CEO, Proxy Aviation Systems, said, "SkyForce Distributed Management System (DMS) and SkyRaider are the result of listening to our customers' desires for greater flexibility in the collection and integration of information, coupled with large payload carrying capacity at an affordable price.
Population Growth Since 1970," reproduced by The Carrying Capacity Network (CCN), certainly looks ominous.
With electronic circuitry, loop connections have the disadvantage that all the stations together must share the carrying capacity of the one wire that links them.
On the other hand, the AS350 B3 offers the B2's carrying capacity beefed up with a 847 shp FADEC-equipped Turbomeca Arriel 2B engine capable of boosting this aircraft's fast cruise speed up to 140 knots, and provides the AS350 B3 the extra power it needs to work in extreme conditions.