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Whether it makes sense to have a committee serve as the casuist conscience of a health care institution depends, then, on whether it makes sense to think of the contemporary hospital or medical center as even a nascent "moral community.
45) The vocation analogous to that of the casuist is no longer the speculative geometer with theorems and axioms, but the attending physician with practical problems all about.
The casuists invoke the traditional list of circumstances (who, what, when, where, why, how, and by what means) to bring the relevant facts to the surface.
63) Camille Slights has observed that, while "Roman Catholic casuistry was designed to guide the clergy in the confessional," "Protestantism assumes that ultimately everyone is his own casuist and must think through every moral doubt for himself.
The good casuist perceptively analyzes the situation, recognizes what is important and what is not, judiciously sees the ramifications of the issue, accurately compares the case with similar cases and carefully crafts a solution.
Although further historical studies are required, it seems that both the more speculative and the casuist strands of the post-Tridentine tradition often included significant deficiencies that precipitated the yet unresolved postconciliar turmoil in Catholic moral theory.
Albert Jonsen and Stephen Toulmin, through their study The Abuse of Casuistry, have dramatically restored the credibility of casuistry by heeding the admonition of Anglican casuist, Kenneth Kirk that: "The abuse of casuistry is properly directed, not against all casuistry, but only against its abuse.
The method McCormick exemplified so superbly in the "Notes" is that of a casuist who examines a particular case, discerns the significant aspects, compares and contrasts them to other approaches, and proposes his own solution.
By weighing a variety of circumstances, the casuist tried to determine what was morally significant in the new case and what was not.
Although she does not use the term, Kamm is certainly a moral casuist, one whose point of departure in ethical reflection is considered responses to particular cases.
11) Considered by some modern scholars as "the leading Jesuit casuist of the nineteenth century,"(12) Gury, if not the most sagacious writer of the period, was at least among the most widely distributed and influential.