Direct proximate causal
connection is not required, but there must be some causal
relation or connection.
This will allow them to gain deeper insights into the interplay between causal
relations and quantum mechanics.
The idea of Causal
Dimension is given more sense to understand Processes and how they can be easier assessed using the specific dimension's class characteristics.
In this case, adjustment for C (1) is necessary to estimate the effect of A (1) but blocks a causal
effect of A (0).
RESULTS--MCCM tests suggested that the dynamics of the monthly differences in zooplankton showed significant causal
forcing by monthly differences in pH.
This conventional framework and the FAR were initially adapted from best practices in epidemiology (Greenland and Rothman 1998), a field in which causal
inference has always been of primary importance.
KEY WORDS: contrastivism, counterfactual conditional, general causation, singular causation, causal
On this theory, mental duplicates (that is, two creatures who share with each other all of their mental properties) share those of their causal
powers that are relevant to their mental states.
The risk of arriving at spurious causal
implications in international security is considerable.
He rejects the assertion that causation is merely a social construct, but acknowledges that a claim of causation requires an unprovable belief that causation exists and that causal
inferences are partially subjective due to the plausibility criterion.
The aim in the current study was to investigate the causal
relationships among the variables of covert-overt narcissism, causal
attribution, responsibility attribution, and forgiveness.
The first clause is required to rule out cases of causal