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1 a formal warning given to a person suspected or accused of an offence that his words will be taken down and may be used in evidence.
2 a warning to a person by the police, or in Scotland by the Procurator Fiscal, that while it is considered that there is enough evidence for a prosecution, no such prosecution will take place but that the matter will be kept on file.
3 a notice entered on the register of title to land that prevents a proprietor from disposing of land without a notice to the person who entered the caution.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CAUTION. A term of the Roman civil law, which is used in various senses. It signifies, sometimes, security, or security promised. Generally every writing is called cautio, a caution by which any object is provided for. Vicat, ad verb. In the common law a distinction is made between a contract and the security. The contract may be good and the security void. The contract may be divisible, and the security entire and indivisible. 2 Burr, 1082. The securities or cautions judicially required of the defendant, are, judicio sisti, to attend and appear during the pendency of the suit; de rato, to confirm the acts of his attorney or proctor; judicium solvi, to pay the sum adjudged against him. Coop. Just. 647; Hall's Admiralty Practice, 12; 2 Brown, Civ. Law, 356.

CAUTION, TURATORY, Scotch law. Juratory caution is that which a suspender swears is the best he can offer in order to obtain a suspension. Where the suspender cannot, from his low or suspected circumstances, procure unquestionable security, juratory caution is admitted. Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. 4, 3, 6.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ugandan Shafik Batambuze received two cautions in two different matches and was suspended for match 149.
Nottingham Forest currently sit bottom of the Fair Play table and there are some similarities with the top of the table as a huge 62 points separate them from their closest rivals Bolton Wanderers, with Forest players being shown 82 cautions and a further five red cards in the current campaign.
Across the West Midlands Police area, 311 of the 805 adults convicted or cautioned for possession in the year to June were immediately sent to jail.
These included 197 people who committed sexual offences despite never having any previous convictions or cautions and 92 people found to have committed robbery.
In 2015, four cautions were issued for sex assault on a female aged 13 and over, one for sexual activity involving a child under 13, and two for sexual activity involving a child under 16.
It meant that the region had the fourth highest knife possession rate in England and Wales last year with 46 cautions or convictions per 100,000.
Aircraft technical guidance includes warnings, cautions, and notes that highlight essential operation/ maintenance procedures, practices, and conditions that if not strictly observed, could result in damage.
Nine 11 and 12-year-olds were cautioned for robbery, and 21 were charged.
But the total number of cautions handed out to children under 16 has fallen dramatically from its peak over the past eight years.
ECHO Reporter helenafdavies @ POSSESSION of a blade and sexual offences were among the offences that led to police cautions for children in Merseyside last year, the Sunday ECHO reveals.
A CRIMINAL has been handed 50 cautions rather than be taken to court, it emerged yesterday.
The National Centre of Meteorology and Seismology (NCMS) has today reiterated its previous cautions and warnings to mariners in the Arabian Gulf due to current high seas.