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1 a formal warning given to a person suspected or accused of an offence that his words will be taken down and may be used in evidence.
2 a warning to a person by the police, or in Scotland by the Procurator Fiscal, that while it is considered that there is enough evidence for a prosecution, no such prosecution will take place but that the matter will be kept on file.
3 a notice entered on the register of title to land that prevents a proprietor from disposing of land without a notice to the person who entered the caution.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CAUTION. A term of the Roman civil law, which is used in various senses. It signifies, sometimes, security, or security promised. Generally every writing is called cautio, a caution by which any object is provided for. Vicat, ad verb. In the common law a distinction is made between a contract and the security. The contract may be good and the security void. The contract may be divisible, and the security entire and indivisible. 2 Burr, 1082. The securities or cautions judicially required of the defendant, are, judicio sisti, to attend and appear during the pendency of the suit; de rato, to confirm the acts of his attorney or proctor; judicium solvi, to pay the sum adjudged against him. Coop. Just. 647; Hall's Admiralty Practice, 12; 2 Brown, Civ. Law, 356.

CAUTION, TURATORY, Scotch law. Juratory caution is that which a suspender swears is the best he can offer in order to obtain a suspension. Where the suspender cannot, from his low or suspected circumstances, procure unquestionable security, juratory caution is admitted. Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. 4, 3, 6.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in classic literature ?
Cautiously and silently drawing the wooden bar he pushed gently against the panel to find that the door swung easily and noiselessly outward into utter darkness.
Peeling about, he discovered that he was in a narrow corridor which he followed cautiously for a few yards to be brought up suddenly by what appeared to be a ladder across the passageway.
Alice did not wish to offend the Dormouse again, so she began very cautiously: `But I don't understand.
So he cautiously made his way from tree to tree, as Robin had done, till he came to the little open space where Robin and Arthur were circling about each other with angry looks, like two dogs at bay.
JGB yields moved up 0.4 bp to -0.157%, while Australia's benchmark bond yields hit record lows after RBA Governor Lowe signalled that he is prepared to cut rates again if needed and Asian stock markets moved cautiously higher.
Scotland's economy secretary has said he is "cautiously optimistic" about securing contracts for BiFab manufacturing, which he hopes will benefit the renewable energy industry.
The ambassador already gave a statement about seriously and cautiously studying the facts," Panelo said in a mix of English and Filipino.
A top Cheong Wa Dae official struck a "cautiously optimistic" note on the possibility of holding another inter-Korean summit in the not-so-distant future.
THE Ogun Command of the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) has advised motorists to drive cautiously in accident-prone areas on Abeokuta-Sagamu Expressway, to avoid unnecessary loss of lives.
and Canadian box offices on Thursday night, and distributor Walt Disney Co "cautiously" predicted an unprecedented $300 million weekend debut.
Andy Murray is "cautiously optimistic" he will be able to play tennis again this season after successfully undergoing hip surgery, his mother Judy has said.
ISLAMABAD -- China has urged the United States to act cautiously on listing of Masood Azhar issue and avoid bypassing the relevant committee of the UN Security Council as it would only complicate the matter.