In the present study, primiparity and cephalic presentation
of the fetus were independent risk factors for SFWE failure, with RRs of 1.6 and 2.8, respectively.
The Twin Birth study enrolled only women with uncomplicated twin pregnancies between 32 and 38 weeks' gestation with the first twin in cephalic presentation
This randomized controlled trial was conducted in Gynaecology and Obstetrics department of Pakistan Airforce Hospital islamabad from July 2005 and January 2006, Sampling technique used was convenience sampling by lottery method , inclusion criteria was singleton pregnancy of 37 weeks or more with normal cephalic presentation
, reassuring fetal status, an unfavorable cervix (bishop's score less than or = 5), and intact membranes.
All patient included in the study were of American society of Anaesthesiology (ASA) status I, age between 20 to 30 years, primigravida and singleton with cephalic presentation
. Any patient with cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal or liver disease, twin pregnancy, breech presentation or cephalo-pelvic disproportion was not included.
These changes mean the brim of the woman's pelvis is less accessible to the baby's after-coming head (or shoulders in cephalic presentation
), most particularly, if the woman is in the stranded beetle position (lithotomy).
Clinical examination of a pregnant woman for cephalic presentation
will miss a noncephalic presentation 30% of the time.
The study included only term infants with cephalic presentation
and meconium-stained amniotic fluid of any consistency; infants with major congenital malformations were excluded.
Klaus Mayerhofer, of the University of Vienna Medical School, and associates studied more than 1,000 women with uncomplicated pregnancies in cephalic presentation
who were randomly assigned to one of the two delivery methods.
Los ANGELES -- The absolute risk of perinatal death due to any cause for a healthy singleton fetus in cephalic presentation
at term in a woman attempting vaginal birth after a prior cesarean section is similar to the risk in nulliparous women.
Factors influencing delivery mode for nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation
during a 17-year period.
The abdominal examination revealed a gravid uterus with fundal length of 28 cm, longitudinal lie, and cephalic presentation
. Fetal heart rate was normal with uterine contractions.
On obstetric examination, fundal height corresponded to 34 weeks of gestation, uterine tone was normal and fetus in cephalic presentation
and fetal heart sound could not be localized.