Both the diaphragm and the cervical cap
can be inserted up to six hours before intercourse and should remain in place for six to eight hours after intercourse.
Its recommended use with nonoxynol-9 which can cause vaginal mucosa irritation and ulceration makes the use of the diaphragm and cervical cap
unsafe and therefore not recommended in the context of HIV/AIDS.
In addition it is not known whether adding N-9 to barrier methods such as the cervical cap
or the diaphragm has any protective effect against sexually transmitted infections.
He and his colleagues studied 3,433 women fitted with a cervical cap
-- a rubber cup about 3.
Note: cervical caps
and IUDs do not protect against sexually transmitted disease, including AIDS.
Double-barrier contraception (condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap
used with spermicidal jelly)
1% Barrier Methods: Male Latex Condom(*) Diaphragm(**) Cervical Cap
(no previous births)(**) Cervical Cap
(previous births)(**) Female Condom Sponge 14% 5-20% 15% 30% 21% 18-28% (higher failure rate after childbirth) Spermicide: (gel, foam, suppository, film) 26% Natural Methods: Withdrawal Natural Family Planning (calendar, temperature, cervical mucus) 18-20% 15-20% No Method 85% (*) used without spermicide (**) used with spermicide
The study involved 1,101 sexually active women split almost evenly between those using a hormonal form of contraception such as the pill, patch, ring or shot, and those women using a non-hormonal form, such as a condom, diaphragm, cervical cap
BARRIER METHODS: DIAPHRAGM, CERVICAL CAP
, FEMALE & MALE CONDOM, SPERMICIDES, SPONGE
Kaiser Family Foundation mistook the diaphragm and cervical cap
as preventive of STD.
More than one in four didn't know that oral contraceptives offered no protection against sexually transmitted diseases, and a majority mistook the diaphragm and the cervical cap
as preventive of STDs.
The FemCap is a new silicone vaginal contraceptive device, somewhat like a cervical cap
, that fits over the cervix.