ASA: American Society of Anesthesiologist BSCPB: Bilateral superficial cervical plexus block IASP: International Association for the Study of Pain IM: Intramuscular IV: Intravenous GA: General anesthesia MAP: Mean arterial pressure NRS: Numeric rating scale NS: Not statistically significant NSAIDs: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs PACU: Postanesthesia care unit PONV: Postoperative nausea and vomiting PR: Pulse rate PCA: Patient-controlled analgesia SBP: Systolic blood pressure SCM: Sternocleidomastoid muscle SCPB: Superficial cervical plexus block SD: Standard deviation SPO2: Saturation VAS: Visual Analogue Scale WHO: World Heath Organization.
Shastri, and Chintamani, "Evaluation of the analgesic effect of bilateral superficial cervical plexus block for thyroid surgery: a comparison of presurgical with postsurgical block," Indian Journal of Surgery, vol.
Under ultrasound guidance, combined deep and superficial cervical plexus blocks
were performed with ropivacaine.
In summary, deep cervical plexus block in [C.sub.2] or [C.sub.3] transverse process for treating patients with cervicogenic headache provided significant and prolonged pain relief (6 months' follow-up).
Torjman, "Deep cervical plexus block for the treatment of cervicogenic headache," Pain Physician, vol.
Carotid endarterectomy with intermediate cervical plexus block
. Tex Heart Inst J 2010; 37: 297-300.
This case series demonstrated that a combined interscalene-intermediate cervical plexus block
under ultrasound guidance is feasible in clavicular fracture surgery.
Soh et al., "Analgesic effects of-ultrasound-guided serratus-intercostal plane block and ultrasound-guided intermediate cervical plexus block
after single-incision transaxillary robotic thyroidectomy: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial," Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, vol.
On arrival to the O.T complex patients were taken to O.T where bilateral cervical plexus block
were performed (5).
Left superficial Cervical Plexus block
achieved by injecting 5 ml combined 1% Lignocaine and 0.25% Bupivacaine at the point where external Jugular vein crosses the Posterior border of Sternocleidomastoid muscle.
A right superficial cervical plexus block
(5 ml ropivacaine 0.75% + 5 ml 1% lignocaine) combined with a right auriculotemporal nerve block (2.5 ml ropivacaine 0.75% + 2.5 ml 1% lignocaine) were performed.
Deep cervical plexus block
is a well established regional anaesthetic for operations in the anterior triangle of the neck including awake carotid endarterectomy surgery, lymph node biopsy and plastics.