Chance


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CHANCE, accident. As the law punishes a crime only when there is an intention to commit it, it follows that when those acts are done in a lawful business or pursuit by mere chance or accident, which would have been criminal if there had been an intention, express or implied, to commit them, there is no crime. For example, if workmen were employed in blasting rocks in a retired field, and a person not knowing of the circumstance should enter the field, and be killed by a piece of the rock, there would be no guilt in the workmen. 1 East, P. C. 262 Poster, 262; 1 Hale's P. C. 472; 4 Bl. Com. 192. Vide Accident.

References in classic literature ?
Furthermore, the species which are most numerous in individuals will have the best chance of producing within any given period favourable variations.
Mere chance, as we may call it, might cause one variety to differ in some character from its parents, and the offspring of this variety again to differ from its parent in the very same character and in a greater degree; but this alone would never account for so habitual and large an amount of difference as that between varieties of the same species and species of the same genus.
Consequently, I cannot doubt that in the course of many thousands of generations, the most distinct varieties of any one species of grass would always have the best chance of succeeding and of increasing in numbers, and thus of supplanting the less distinct varieties; and varieties, when rendered very distinct from each other, take the rank of species.
In the end Jurgis got a chance through an accidental meeting with an old-time acquaintance of his union days.
Suppose that Marija could get a job in the big mill where they made binder twine--then they would move into this neighborhood, and he would really have a chance. With a hope like that, there was some use in living; to find a place where you were treated like a human being-- by God!
As it chanced, however, there was one of the convict- guard down there,--a vile Pathan who had never missed a chance of insulting and injuring me.
I'd have come through and taken my chance with the three of them, only even as I looked at him his jaw dropped, and I knew that he was gone.
"I fear that it may be the last investigation in which I shall have the chance of studying your methods.
Miss Garth questioned her conscience, saw her chance, and took it on the spot.
Show me an individual Fool, and I will show you an aggregate Society which gives that highly-favored personage nine chances out of ten -- and grudges the tenth to the wisest man in existence.
Arkansas Nickname: The Natural State Famous for: Wal-Mart and Bill Clinton Pop: 3 million Elec/Coll votes: 6 Currently: Rep Chance of switching: 0.4%
"What you like is to have two good players for every position, but Bryan is doing well and this is his chance.