Chance

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CHANCE, accident. As the law punishes a crime only when there is an intention to commit it, it follows that when those acts are done in a lawful business or pursuit by mere chance or accident, which would have been criminal if there had been an intention, express or implied, to commit them, there is no crime. For example, if workmen were employed in blasting rocks in a retired field, and a person not knowing of the circumstance should enter the field, and be killed by a piece of the rock, there would be no guilt in the workmen. 1 East, P. C. 262 Poster, 262; 1 Hale's P. C. 472; 4 Bl. Com. 192. Vide Accident.

References in periodicals archive ?
Unless you happen to chance upon a dog who does not mind the sound of fireworks then you will find it is not worth the trouble.
Admit it: you've imagined that someday you'll chance upon an undiscovered telescopic comet and have your name forever attached to it.
Having planned for a gentle, uneventful stroll through the increasingly alluring boutiques, I was stunned to chance upon the extravaganza of this pirate gymnastic ballet.