Chance

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CHANCE, accident. As the law punishes a crime only when there is an intention to commit it, it follows that when those acts are done in a lawful business or pursuit by mere chance or accident, which would have been criminal if there had been an intention, express or implied, to commit them, there is no crime. For example, if workmen were employed in blasting rocks in a retired field, and a person not knowing of the circumstance should enter the field, and be killed by a piece of the rock, there would be no guilt in the workmen. 1 East, P. C. 262 Poster, 262; 1 Hale's P. C. 472; 4 Bl. Com. 192. Vide Accident.

References in classic literature ?
"No matter," replied Forster; "I think that by putting on the very highest speed we might have a chance of getting over."
Even if these take place only at long intervals, I am convinced that the young thus produced will gain so much in vigour and fertility over the offspring from long-continued self-fertilisation, that they will have a better chance of surviving and propagating their kind; and thus, in the long run, the influence of intercrosses, even at rare intervals, will be great.
Throughout a great and open area, not only will there be a better chance of favourable variations arising from the large number of individuals of the same species there supported, but the conditions of life are infinitely complex from the large number of already existing species; and if some of these many species become modified and improved, others will have to be improved in a corresponding degree or they will be exterminated.
Franklin and Miss Rachel took in each other's society, and noting what a pretty match they were in all personal respects, we naturally speculated on the chance of their putting their heads together with other objects in view besides the ornamenting of a door.
Franklin left no chance untried of winning Miss Rachel's good graces.
He's got intelligence and we've got to give that intelligence a chance. Put up the gun."
It is the chance of recovering the lost date of Laura's journey to London.
I know that her fortune is gone--I know that the last chance of restoring her to her place in the world lies at the mercy of her worst enemy, of a man who is now absolutely unassailable, and who may remain unassailable to the end.
Then, too, Elzbieta had heard something about a chance to scrub floors in Durham's offices and was waiting every day for word.
Once he got a chance to load a truck for half a day, and again he carried an old woman's valise and was given a quarter.
A couple of days later Major Sholto was strolling on the beach: so I took the chance of speaking to him.
When I found that he was devoted to me and would do anything to serve me, I saw my chance of escape.