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CHAPLAIN. A clergyman appointed to say prayers and perform divine service. Each house of congress usually appoints it own chaplain.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The question of whether the Program was religious or secular in nature received little attention, as the submissions focussed on the highly technical questions of whether a chaplainship was an 'office under the Commonwealth' and whether the executive had the authority to fund the Program in the absence of enabling legislation.
In 1958, he accepted the chaplainship of Yale University, as one of America's elite universities was slowly accepting the cultural changes shaking the country.
"Later, Duncan wrote, he `purchased the chaplainship of the 2nd Battalion of the 84th Regiment'.