charity


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charity

n. 1) in general the sentiment of benevolence, doing good works, assisting the less fortunate, philanthropy, and contributing to the general public. 2) an organization which exists to help those in need or provide educational, scientific, religious and artistic assistance to members of the public. Charities are usually corporations established under state guidelines and require IRS approval in order for contributions to them to be deductible from gross income by donors.

charity

the giving of money to help the needy or a body that is established to administer such donations. The concept of charity dates from a permission given by the Emperor Constantine allowing subjects to make bequests to the church. This facility came to be so abused that it was severely restricted by the Emperor Valentinian; this restraint was, however, gradually relaxed so that by the time of Justinian it had become a fixed maxim of the civil law that bequests to pious uses were entitled to privileged treatment. In English law, the State of Charitable Uses Act of 1601 codified the received law up to that point, and the preamble to that statute still provides the starting point for the definition of charity in modern law. This, according to the House of Lords, comprises gifts for the relief of poverty, for the advancement of religion, for the advancement of education, and for other purposes beneficial to the community not falling under any of the preceding heads but within the words or spirit of the Act of 1601. A charitable trust is treated more favourably than others, in that it is not subject to the rule against PERPETUITIES, it is not subject to the beneficiary principle that requires that trusts be for the benefit of persons rather than of purposes, and it attracts favourable tax treatment. To qualify as charitable, however, a gift must be exclusively charitable, that is, it must be so conditioned that no part of it can be devoted to any non-charitable purpose. If a charitable gift fails because the object no longer exists or the purpose has been satisfied, the gift maybe applied CY PRES to the satisfaction of similar charitable purposes. Charities are under the general jurisdiction of the Charity Commissioners in England and Wales and the Lord Advocate in Scotland. In Scotland, for tax purposes, charity and charitable purposes are to be interpreted according to English law.

CHARITY. In its widest sense it denotes all the good affections which men ought to bear towards each other; 1 Epistle to Cor. c. xiii.; in its most restricted and usual sense, it signifies relief to the poor. This species of charity is a mere moral duty, which cannot be enforced by the law. Kames on Eq. 17. But it is not employed in either of these senses in law; its signification is derived chiefly from the statute of 43 Eliz. c. 4. Those purposes are considered charitable which are enumerated in that act, or which by analogy are deemed within its spirit and intendment. 9 Ves. 405; 10 Ves, 541; 2 Vern. 387; Shelf. Mortm. 59. Lord Chancellor Camden describes a charity to be a gift to a general public use, which extends to the rich as well as to the poor. Ambl. 651; Boyle on Charities, 51; 2 Ves. sen. 52; Ambl. 713; 2 Ves. jr. 272; 6 Ves. 404; 3 Rawle, 170; 1 Penna. R. 49 2 Dana, 170; 2 Pet. 584; 3 Pet. 99, 498 9 Cow. 481; 1 Hawks, 96; 12 Mass. 537; 17 S. & R. 88; 7 Verm. 241; 5 Harr. & John. 392; 6 Harr. & John. 1; 9 Pet. 566; 6 Pet. 435; 9 Cranch, 331; 4 Wheat. 1; 9 Wend. 394; 2 N. H. Rep. 21, 510; 9 Cow. 437; 7 John. Cb. R. 292; 3 Leigh. 450; 1 Dev. Eq. Rep. 276; 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3976, et seq.

References in periodicals archive ?
Photograph: Charity Commission Chair, The Rt Hon Baroness Stowell of Beeston MBE
Allah, sets in the Holy Qur'an, for believing souls, a very high standard for charity. The verses from 261-277, in Surah Al-Bakr, provide for the meaning and quality of charity.
The bill defines charity as 'any association of persons established for a charitable purpose and includes organisations registered under Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies (registration and control) Ordinance 1961, Societies Registration Act 1860, Companies Act 2017, public-private trust and organisation registered under any law for time being in force.'
Here's a breakdown of the charity categories Co-op's clients have chosen to leave gifts to: 1.
There are no set rules to follow when choosing which charity or charities a person would like to benefit in their will.
Since 2002, using objective analysis, Charity Navigator has awarded only the most fiscally responsible organizations a 4-star rating.
In the early decades of the last century, Parliament extended charity tax preferences under the Income Tax Act (ITA), which had earlier been available to a limited number of organizations.
Chief executives of the charity regulators said in a joint statement, 'The financial services provided by banks and financial institutions provide safe, responsible, efficient and transparent way for charities to conduct their financial affairs.
To make sure the intended beneficiary of your largesse is providing genuine assistance, check it out on a charity watchdog website such as the BBB Wise Giving Alliance, Charity Navigator, and/or Charity Watch.
In December 2012, the UN decided to hold 5th September as International Day of Charity, and it was celebrated for the first time as such in 2013.
Earlier this year One Good Act of Blackpool advertised on Universal Jobmatch for "charity fundraisers", calling itself "a charity that helps homeless families".
If your organization is a registered charity, you must meet the Canada Revenue Agency's (CRA) requirements to maintain your charity's registered status so you can provide your supporters with tax receipts for their donations, among other reasons.