Charter

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Charter

A grant from the government of ownership rights in land to a person, a group of people, or an organization such as a corporation.

A basic document of law of a Municipal Corporation granted by the state, defining its rights, liabilities, and responsibilities of self-government.

A document embodying a grant of authority from the legislature or the authority itself, such as a corporate charter.The leasing of a mode of transportation, such as a bus, ship, or plane. A charter-party is a contract formed to lease a ship to a merchant in order to facilitate the conveyance of goods.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

charter

n. the name for Articles of Incorporation in some states, as in a corporate charter.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

CHARTER. A grant made by the sovereign either to the whole people or to a portion of them, securing to them the enjoyment of certain rights. Of the former kind is the late charter of France, which extended to the whole country; the charters which were granted to the different American colonies by the British government were charters of the latter species. 1 Story, Const. L. Sec. 161; 1 Bl. Com. 108 Encycl. Amer. Charte Constitutionelle.
     2. A charter differs from a CONSTITUTION in this, that the former is granted by the sovereign, while the latter is established by the people themselves : both are the fundamental law of the land.
     3. This term is susceptible of another signification. During the middle ages almost every document was called carta, charta, or chartula. In this sense the term is nearly synonymous with deed. Co. Litt. 6; 1 Co. 1; Moor. Cas. 687.
     4. The act of the legislature creating a corporation, is called its charter. Vide 3 Bro. Civ. and Adm. Law, 188; Dane's Ab. h.t.

CHARTER, mar. contr. An agreement by which a vessel is hired by the owner to another; as A B chartered the ship Benjamin Franklin to C D.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
As discussed above, the authorizer overseeing the chartering
These initiatives all became law by 1988 and opened the door to chartering. While most of the nation's governors were proposing tighter standards, Gov.
But the cost of maintaining a yacht (as much as $2 million to $3 million per year for a 200-foot yacht) has now made chartering revenue very attractive, especially since there is a growing market of people who can afford it.
The second chapter contains a list of Wisconsin charter schools, alphabetized by chartering authority.
Conversely, the chartering authority must realize both on the testing side and when designing other forms of accountability monitoring, that if it wants some school to be truly different -- especially if it wants them to serve at risk youngsters -- it has got to be imaginative and sensitive in monitoring their performance.
Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson all called for federal chartering of large corporations, as Madison, with unusual foresight, had urged at the Constitutional Convention.
Still others note that chartering a school can give professional educators genuine control over their work environment.
this section, the chartering authority shall be guided by the intent of
These criteria include whether the state grants charter schools an exemption from collective bargaining, the number of chartering authorities beyond local school boards, the number of new charter schools permitted, and whether charters are granted waivers from certain state and local laws.
As of January 2007, six states and the District of Columbia had created separate state-level chartering boards: the Arizona State Board for Charter Schools (1994), the Colorado Charter School Institute (2004), the District of Columbia Public Charter School Board (1996), the Florida Schools of Excellence Commission (2006), the Idaho Public Charter School Commission (2004), the South Carolina Public Charter School District (2006), and the Utah State Charter Board (2004).
"Many believe there will be a debate over optional federal chartering whether we like it or not, and we need to be ready," Ferguson said.