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During the November 2016 World Prematurity and Pneumonia Day press briefing held in Abuja, the Minister of Health, Professor Isaac Adewole, said 'the National Chlorhexidine Scale Up Strategy document highlights the government's drive to ensure that CHX is readily available and used across the country for umbilical cord care.
The review showed that majority of the studies had used chlorhexidine digluconate or acetate incorporated in the denture bases.
Women in the intervention group were supplied with 4% chlorhexidine solution and instructed to apply it to their newborn's umbilical stump once a day until three days after full cord separation; women in the control group were instructed to keep their infant's cord dry and free of topical substances.
The first consisted of using birth kits that contained four per cent Chlorhexidine (CHX), which were applied to the cord at birth and then once daily for the next 14 days, along with encouraging the family to regularly wash the infant's hands with soap.
Group 2 receive chlorhexidine solution, by a sterile gauze or swab, to the umbilical stump from three hours after birth and continued every 12 hours until two days after umbilical cord separation.
mutans colony counts after rinsing with chlorhexidine and with green tea were almost identical.
Conclusion: Chlorhexidine gluconate was associated with lower infection rates compared to povidone-iodine; but it was not statistically significant.
Other papers have commented on the need for neutralization of the chlorhexidine before plating (Kampf, 2008, 2009; Kampf, Hoffer, & Ruden, 1998; Kampf, Shaffer, & Hunte, 2005; Reichel, Heisig, & Kampf, 2008), but we were unable to demonstrate any residual antimicrobial effect from either cleaning agent when compared with the control (study 4).
GlaxoSmithKline, a United Kingdom-based multinational pharmaceutical company, has submitted an application to the European Medicines Agency for approval of its antiseptic chlorhexidine gel, it was reported yesterday.
21-23) Saltzman and colleagues cultured the skin immediately after skin preparation and found the culture positive rate to be much lower with chlorhexidine (7%) compared to povidone-iodine scrub (31%); however, neither agent proved to be more effective over the other in regards to elimination of P.