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SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
46, XY DSD comprise cases in which individuals with male chromosomal sex (XY) have atypical gonadal or anatomical sex.
A limited amount of contrasexual characteristics are common, like some sparse facial hair in girls or breast budding in boys, but these changes normally stabilize or regress as puberty progresses and the secondary sexual characteristics expected for the chromosomal sex dominate.
The group promotes a model bathroom policy for public schools that rejects even the existence of transgender people by conflating gender identity with chromosomal sex that is, they contend that one's gender is female if one has two X chromosomes and male if one has an X and a Y chromosome.
As legal gender and chromosomal sex do correspond in the majority of cases, methods for accurate determination of chromosomal sex do and will continue to have widespread use in forensic investigations.
They concluded that with reasonable care that chromosomal sex can be diagnosed from smear from oral mucosa with little chance of error.
Welcoming the verdict, Asha Menon, member secretary of NALSA, said, "It would result in confidence building in the community and compel the society to look towards this section of people with acceptance." The bench said, "Discrimination faced by this group in our society is rather unimaginable and their rights have to be protected, irrespective of chromosomal sex, genitals, assigned birth sex, or implied gender role." Expressing concern over transgender people being harassed and discriminated against, the court said the community was earlier respected in society but now, for no reason, they are perceived to be persons who indulge in kidnapping of children and unnatural offences.